MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    The importance of deep, basinwide measurements in optimized Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation observing arrays

    McCarthy, Gerard and Menary, M. B. and Mecking, J. V. and Moat, B. I. and Johns, W. E. and Andrews, B. and Rayner, D. and Smeed, D. A. (2017) The importance of deep, basinwide measurements in optimized Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation observing arrays. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122. pp. 1808-1826. ISSN 2169-9291

    Download (1MB) | Preview

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is a key process in the global redistribution of heat. The AMOC is defined as the maximum of the overturning stream function, which typically occurs near 308N in the North Atlantic. The RAPID mooring array has provided full-depth, basinwide, continuous estimates of this quantity since 2004. Motivated by both the need to deliver near real-time data and optimization of the array to reduce costs, we consider alternative configurations of the mooring array. Results suggest that the variability observed since 2004 could be reproduced by a single tall mooring on the western boundary and a mooring to 1500 m on the eastern boundary. We consider the potential future evolution of the AMOC in two generations of the Hadley Centre climate models and a suite of additional CMIP5 models. The modeling studies show that deep, basinwide measurements are essential to capture correctly the future decline of the AMOC. We conclude that, while a reduced array could be useful for estimates of the AMOC on subseasonal to decadal time scales as part of a near real-time data delivery system, extreme caution must be applied to avoid the potential misinterpretation or absence of a climate time scale AMOC decline that is a key motivation for the maintenance of these observations.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: deep, basinwide measurements; Atlantic Meridional; Overturning Circulation; observing arrays;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 12019
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Gerard McCarthy
    Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 15:26
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
    Publisher: Wiley Online Library
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads