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    Triangulating Surprise: Expectations, Uncertainty, and Making Sense

    Foster, Meadhbh I. and Keane, Mark and Loewenstein, Jeffrey and Maguire, Phil and Maguire, Rebecca and May, Ross W. and Smith-Rodden, Martin and Ash, Ivan K and Munich, Edward L. and Ranney, Michael A. (2014) Triangulating Surprise: Expectations, Uncertainty, and Making Sense. In: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society and Curran Associates, Inc., pp. 70-71. ISBN 9781634391160

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    Surprise is a ubiquitous phenomenon that both draws on cognition and affects cognition , in a number of different ways. For example , in artificial intelligence an agent in a changing and imperfectly - known environment has been argued to need a surprise mechanism to survive. This symposium brings together researchers in education, computer science, cognitive psychology, and business to explore the relationship between surprise and cognition , and how it might be harnessed across domains. We will open with a touchstone challenge: How can surpris ing information be recruited to promote learning ? (Munnich & Ranney) Then we will explore several perspectives on surprise, ranging from violation of expectations created through repetition (Loewenstein) to a focus on the information content of surprising events (Maguire & Maguire) , to the apparently conflicting roles surprise may play in judgment (May, Smith - Rodden, & Ash). Our final speakers (Foster & Keane) will synthesize these approaches , and present a broad framework for future research on surprise within the cognitive sciences.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keywords: Surprise; sense-making; belief-revision; persuasion; understanding;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Computer Science
    Item ID: 12628
    Depositing User: Rebecca Maguire
    Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2020 15:53
    Publisher: Cognitive Science Society and Curran Associates, Inc.
    Refereed: Yes
      Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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