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    Why Did China Bid Twice for the Olympic Games? Sport, Nationalism and International Politics

    Wei, Fan and Hong, Fan and Lu, Zhouxiang (2012) Why Did China Bid Twice for the Olympic Games? Sport, Nationalism and International Politics. Journal of Olympic History, 20 (2). pp. 31-37.

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    Hosting the Olympic Games is seen by China and most Asian nations as a means for national restoration, the construction of national identity, economic prosperity and international recognition. In this sense the Olympic Games have significant symbolic power. China ended its isolation in 1978, re-joined the International Olympic Committee in 1979; In 1984, they took part in the Summer Olympic Games for the first tim e since the early fifties; and in 1985 established their "Olympic Strategy". Hosting the Olympic Games was an im portant part o f the strategy to make China a sporting superpower, as well as a political and economic power, that could compete on equal terms w ith the US in the West and Japan and South Korea in the East; Thus Beijing was a candidate city for the Games in 2000 and 2008. This paper will examine the reasons for China's tw o bids; the factors which resulted in the failure o f the first bid and the success o f the second; and the impact of the bids on the developm ent o f Chinese society and of international politics.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: China; Bid Twice; Olympic Games; Sport; Nationalism; International Politics;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > School of Modern Languages, Literatures and Cultures > Chinese
    Item ID: 13024
    Depositing User: Zhouxiang Lu
    Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2020 11:01
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Olympic History
    Publisher: International Society of Olympic Historians
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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