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    Luminescence of Atomic Barium in Rare Gas Matrices: A Two Dimensional Excitation/Emission Spectroscopy Study

    Davis, Barry and McCaffrey, John G. (2018) Luminescence of Atomic Barium in Rare Gas Matrices: A Two Dimensional Excitation/Emission Spectroscopy Study. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 122. pp. 7339-7350. ISSN 1089-5639

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    A detailed characterization is made of the distinct sites occupied by atomic barium isolated in the three rare gas hosts Ar, Kr, and Xe in excitation scans extracted from the recorded total 6s6p 1 P1 → (6s)2 1S0 fluorescence. Extensive use has been made of twodimensional excitation/emission (2D-EE) spectroscopy to achieve a comprehensive characterization for the wide variety of sites present in the Ba/RG matrix systems. The 2D-EE technique has proved to be a very powerful method to probe the effects of strong intersite reabsorption when extensive spectral overlap occurs between emission and resonance 6s6p 1 P1 ← (6s)2 1S0 absorption of barium atoms occupying multiple sites. Two-dimensional excitation/emission scans have also been used in this study to monitor the effects of sample annealing and thereby identify the thermally stable sites of isolation. Sites of the same type occupied by atomic barium in the three host solids are identified in resolved excitation spectra and are associated on the basis of the observed matrix shift versus host polarizability. Following site associations, the photophysical properties of each matrix site were characterized revealing that the Stokes shift was greatest in the blue site, smallest for the violet site, and intermediate for the green site. The emission temperature dependences and excited state lifetimes were recorded, indicating that measured radiative lifetimes of 4−5 ns were in good agreement with the gas phase value of 8.4 ns when corrected for the effective field of the solids. The only exception to this was the blue site in Ba/Xe, where a nonradiative quenching channel exists even at 9.8 K that competes effectively with the nanosecond fluorescence. An unusual, asymmetric 2 + 1 excitation band has been recorded for atomic barium in the three rare gas hosts in addition to the threefold split, Jahn−Teller bands typically observed for P ← S absorptions of matrix-isolated metal atoms. Possible assignments of the sites responsible for these band shapes are made on the basis of recent spectral simulations obtained from molecular dynamics calculations on the Ba/Xe system.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Luminescence; Atomic Barium; Gas Matrices; Two Dimensional; Excitation; Emission; Spectroscopy; Study;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 13107
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. John McCaffrey
    Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 21:40
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry A
    Publisher: American Chemical Society
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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