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    Formation of polypyrrole with dexamethasone as a dopant: Its cation and anion exchange properties

    Ryan, Eimear M. and Breslin, Carmel B. (2018) Formation of polypyrrole with dexamethasone as a dopant: Its cation and anion exchange properties. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 824. pp. 188-194. ISSN 1572-6657

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    There is considerable interest in dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticosteroid drug, and a number of reports detailing the controlled release of dexamethasone from polypyrrole have been published. However, polypyrroledoped with dexamethasone is poorly characterised. In this study, polypyrrole doped with dexamethasone was formed at relatively low applied potentials of 0.70 V or 0.80 V vs SCE by carrying out the electropolymerisation on an initial pre-layer of polypyrrole. These polymers displayed electroactive behaviour with a dexamethasone doping level of 0.30 ± 0.03 and using impedance measurements the charge-transfer resistance was computed as 400 Ω. Mixed ion transport was observed. In addition to the release of dexamethasone, hydrated sodium cations were incorporated to maintain charge neutrality on reduction of the polymer. Approximately 200 μg cm−2 of dexamethasone was released following 60 min on reduction of the polymer at −0.90 V vs SCE. It was possible to re-use the polymer to release the drug by repeated oxidation and reduction steps, where dexamethasone was incorporated during oxidation and released on reduction. During these events, sodium was accumulated within the polymer matrix and this high salt content accompanied with swelling and de-swelling events gave rise to the development of cracks in the polymer matrix.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Polypyrrole; Dexamethasone; Electropolymerisation; Sodium accumulation; Mixed ion exchange;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 13121
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Carmel Breslin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 15:54
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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