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    Subpolar North Atlantic sea surface temperature since 6 ka BP: Indications of anomalous ocean-atmosphere interactions at 4-2 ka BP


    Orme, Lisa C. and Miettinen, Arto and Divine, Dmitry and Husum, Katrine and Pearce, Christof and Van Nieuwenhove, Nicolas and Born, Andreas and Mohan, Rahul and Seidenkrantz, Marit-Solveig (2018) Subpolar North Atlantic sea surface temperature since 6 ka BP: Indications of anomalous ocean-atmosphere interactions at 4-2 ka BP. Quaternary Science Reviews, 194. pp. 128-142. ISSN 0277-3791

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    Abstract

    Atmospheric circulation may change with future climate change in response to modification of meridional temperature gradients, but the potential influence on ocean circulation is as yet unclear. Over the mid-late Holocene, atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic region has fluctuated on millennial timescales; therefore, the ocean response to these changes can be investigated using the paleoceanographic records that have been developed in the north-eastern subpolar North Atlantic. Here, we present a diatom-based sea surface temperature reconstruction from the Iceland Basin, south of Iceland; the reconstruction shows the warmest temperatures of the record at 6.1e4 ka BP, cooler temperatures at 4-2 ka BP and warmer temperatures thereafter. Inter-record comparisons indicate that the cold period at c. 4- 2 ka BP may have resulted from a strengthened East Greenland Current and/or melting of the Greenland ice sheet, in response to a negative North Atlantic Oscillation. The findings highlight that atmospheric circulation changes are likely to cause pronounced variations in the latitudinal exchange of heat, which may have consequences for deep-water formation and global ocean circulation.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Holocene; Paleoceanography; Paleoclimatology; North Atlantic; Micropaleontology; Diatoms; Sedimentology-marine cores; North Atlantic oscillation; East Greenland current; Sea surface temperature;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 13151
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.07.007
    Depositing User: Lisa Orme
    Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2020 15:44
    Journal or Publication Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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