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    Are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex-PTSD distinguishable within a treatment-seeking sample of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon?


    Hyland, Philip and Ceannt, Ruth and Daccache, F. and Abou Daher, R. and Sleiman, J. and Gilmore, Brynne and Byrne, S. and Shevlin, Mark and Murphy, J. and Vallières, Frédérique (2018) Are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex-PTSD distinguishable within a treatment-seeking sample of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon? Global Mental Health, 5 (E14). ISSN 2054-4251

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    Abstract

    Background The World Health Organization will publish its 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) in 2018. The ICD-11 will include a refined model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a new diagnosis of complex PTSD (CPTSD). Whereas emerging data supports the validity of these proposals, the discriminant validity of PTSD and CPTSD have yet to be tested amongst a sample of refugees. Methods Treatment-seeking Syrian refugees (N = 110) living in Lebanon completed an Arabic version of the International Trauma Questionnaire; a measure specifically designed to capture the symptom content of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD. Results In total, 62.6% of the sample met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD or CPTSD. More refugees met the criteria for CPTSD (36.1%) than PTSD (25.2%) and no gender differences were observed. Latent class analysis results identified three distinct groups: (1) a PTSD class, (2) a CPTSD class and (3) a low symptom class. Class membership was significantly predicted by levels of functional impairment. Conclusion Support for the discriminant validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD was observed for the first time within a sample of refugees. In support of the cross-cultural validity of the ICD-11 proposals, the prevalence of PTSD and CPTSD were similar to those observed in culturally distinct contexts.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2018. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Cite as: Hyland, P., Ceannt, R., Daccache, F., Abou Daher, R., Sleiman, J., Gilmore, B., . . . Vallières, F. (2018). Are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex-PTSD distinguishable within a treatment-seeking sample of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon? Global Mental Health, 5, E14. doi:10.1017/gmh.2018.2
    Keywords: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder; CPTSD; ICD-11; refugees; posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13293
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2018.2
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 14:36
    Journal or Publication Title: Global Mental Health
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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