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    Correlates of a general psychopathology factor in a clinical sample of childhood sexual abuse survivors


    Hyland, Philip and Murphy, Jamie and Shevlin, Mark and Carey, Steven and Vallières, Frédérique and Murphy, David and Elklit, Ask (2018) Correlates of a general psychopathology factor in a clinical sample of childhood sexual abuse survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 232. pp. 109-115. ISSN 0165-0327

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    Abstract

    Background: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) increases risk for most psychiatric disorders. There is evidence that the structure of psychopathology can be explained by a number of latent dimensions of psychopathology including a 'General Psychopathology' (P) factor. The objective of the current study was to provide the first assessment as to whether P is identifiable, and what its correlates might be in a clinical sample. Methods: An adult, clinical sample of Danish CSA survivors (N = 420) was assessed using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III. Confirmatory factory analysis (CFA) was used to assess the latent structure of nine psychiatric disorders, and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to determine correlates of the best-fitting dimensional model. Results: CFA results favoured a bifactor model including three specific dimensions of psychopathology, "Internalizing", "Externalizing", and "Thought Disorder", and a bi-factor "P". A SEM model that included ten predictors was a good fit to the data and explained 55% of variance in 'P'. The 'P' factor was significantly associated with emotional coping, negative self-worth, traumatic life events, and anxious attachments. Limitations: Psychiatric disorders were assessed using self-report measures, and the sample was predominately female. Conclusions: Results provide initial evidence of P in a clinical sample and several unique correlates of this factor were identified.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Correlates; general; psychopathology; factor; clinical sample; childhood sexual abuse survivors;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13295
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.048
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 14:46
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Affective Disorders
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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