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    A Comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD Prevalence, Comorbidity, and Disability.


    Shevlin, Mark and Hyland, Philip and Frédérique, Vallières and Bisson, Jonathan I. and Makhashvili, Nino and Javakhishvili, Jana and Shpiker, Marina and Roberts, Bayard (2018) A Comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD Prevalence, Comorbidity, and Disability. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 137. pp. 138-147. ISSN 0001-690X

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    Abstract

    Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the World Health Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disability associated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representative sample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSD prevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the International Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression. Disability was measured using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using both criteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability and comorbidity. Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited to identifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD; DSM-5; ICD-11; Depression; Anxiety; Internally displaced persons;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13296
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12840
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 14:45
    Journal or Publication Title: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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