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    Is Self-Compassion a Worthwhile Therapeutic Target for ICD-11 Complex PTSD (CPTSD)?

    Karatzias, Thanos and Hyland, Philip and Bradley, Aoife and Fyvie, Claire and Logan, Katharine and Easton, Paula and Thomas, Jackie and Philips, Sarah and Bisson, Jonathan I. and Roberts, Neil P. and Cloitre, Marylene and Shevlin, Mark (2018) Is Self-Compassion a Worthwhile Therapeutic Target for ICD-11 Complex PTSD (CPTSD)? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47 (3). pp. 257-269. ISSN 1352-4658

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    Background: Two ‘sibling’ disorders have been proposed for the fourthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). Examining psychological factors that may be associated with CPTSD, such as self-compassion, is an important first step in its treatment that can inform consideration of which problems are most salient and what interventions are most relevant. Aims: We set out to investigate the association between self-compassion and the two factors of CPTSD: the PTSD factor (re-experiencing, avoidance, sense of threat) and the Disturbances in Self-Organization (DSO) factor (affect dysregulation, negative self-concept and disturbances in relationships). We hypothesized that self-compassion subscales would be negatively associated with both PTSD and DSO symptom clusters. Method: A predominantly female, clinical sample (n = 106) completed self-report scales to measure traumatic life events, ICD-11 CPTSD and self-compassion. Results: Significant negative associations were found between the CPTSD DSO clusters of symptoms and self-compassion subscales, but not for the PTSD ones. Specifically it was also found that self-judgement and common humanity significantly predicted hypoactive affect dysregulation whereas self-judgement and isolation significantly predicted negative self-concept. Conclusions: Our results indicate that self-compassion may be a useful treatment target for ICD-11 CPTSD, particularly for symptoms of negative selfconcept and affect dysregulation. Future research is required to investigate the efficacy and acceptability of interventions that have implicit foundations on compassion.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Karatzias, T., Hyland, P., Bradley, A., Fyvie, C., Logan, K., Easton, P., . . . Shevlin, M. (2019). Is Self-Compassion a Worthwhile Therapeutic Target for ICD-11 Complex PTSD (CPTSD)? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47(3), 257-269. doi:10.1017/S1352465818000577
    Keywords: self-compassion; psychological trauma; CPTSD; ICD-11;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13301
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 15:01
    Journal or Publication Title: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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