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    Perceived weight discrimination and risk of incident dementia

    Sutin, Angelina R. and Stephan, Yannick and Robinson, Eric and Daly, Michael and Terracciano, Antonio (2019) Perceived weight discrimination and risk of incident dementia. International Journal of Obesity, 43 (5). pp. 1130-1134. ISSN 0307-0565

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    Body mass index (BMI) and obesity have a complex relation with risk of dementia that evolves over the lifespan. Research in other domains indicates that the social experience of body weight, not just BMI, is associated with worse health outcomes. The present research uses data from the Health and Retirement Study (N=12,053) to test whether weight discrimination is associated with increased risk of dementia over an up to 10-year follow-up independent of BMI and other relevant clinical and behavioral risk factors. Participants who reported weight discrimination had a 40% increased risk of incident dementia (Hazard Ratio=1.40; 95% Confidence Interval=1.12–1.74), controlling for age, sex, race, ethnicity, education. The association between weight discrimination and incident dementia held controlling for BMI, diabetes, hypertension, depressive symptoms, smoking, physical activity, and genetic risk status. The present research indicates that the stigma associated with weight is associated with dementia risk independent from obesity. This research highlights that the detrimental effect of obesity on cognitive health in older adulthood may occur through the adverse social experience of body weight in addition to the biological consequences of excess weight.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Sutin, A.R., Stephan, Y., Robinson, E. et al. Perceived weight discrimination and risk of incident dementia. Int J Obes 43, 1130–1134 (2019).
    Keywords: Perceived; Weight Discrimination; Incident Dementia;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13618
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Michael Daly
    Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 15:44
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Obesity
    Publisher: Nature Publshing Group
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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