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    Neighbourhood-level socio-environmental factors and incidence of first episode psychosis by place at onset in rural Ireland: The Cavan–Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study [CAMFEPS]


    Omer, Sami and Kirkbride, James B and Pringle, Dennis G. and Russell, Vincent and O'Callaghan, Eadbhard and Waddington, John L (2014) Neighbourhood-level socio-environmental factors and incidence of first episode psychosis by place at onset in rural Ireland: The Cavan–Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study [CAMFEPS]. Schizophrenia Research, 152. pp. 152-157. ISSN 0920-9964

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    Abstract

    Background: Little is known about associations between the social environment and risk for psychosis within rural settings. This study sought to investigate whether such associations exist within a rural context using a prospective dataset of unusual epidemiological completeness. Method: Using the Cavan–Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study database of people aged 16 years and older, both ecological analyses and multilevel modelling were applied to investigate associations between incidence of psychosis by place at onset and socio-environmental risk factors of material deprivation, social fragmentation and urban–rural classification across electoral divisions. Results: The primary finding was an association between more deprived social contexts and higher rates of psychotic disorder, after adjustment for age and sex [all psychoses: incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 1.12, 95% CI (1.03–1.23)]. Conclusions: These findings support an association between adverse socio-environmental factors and increase in risk for psychosis by place at onset within a predominantly rural environment. This study suggests that social environmental characteristics may have an impact on risk across the urban–rural gradient.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: First episode psychosis; Place at onset; Rurality; Environmental factors; Social context;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Item ID: 13820
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2013.11.019
    Depositing User: Dennis Pringle
    Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 11:22
    Journal or Publication Title: Schizophrenia Research
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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