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    Using a scenario-neutral framework to avoid potential maladaptation in future flood risk


    Broderick, Ciaran and Murphy, Conor and Wilby, Robert L. and Matthews, Tom K.R. and Prudhomme, Christel and Adamson, Mark (2019) Using a scenario-neutral framework to avoid potential maladaptation in future flood risk. Water Resources Research, 55 (4). ISSN 1944-7973

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    Abstract

    This study develops a coherent framework to detect those catchment types associated with a high risk of maladaptation to future flood risk. Using the “scenario‐neutral” approach to impact assessment the sensitivity of Irish catchments to fluvial flooding is examined in the context of national climate change allowances. A predefined sensitivity domain is used to quantify flood responses to +2 °C mean annual temperature with incremental changes in the seasonality and mean of the annual precipitation cycle. The magnitude of the 20‐year flood is simulated at each increment using two rainfall‐runoff models (GR4J, NAM), then concatenated as response surfaces for 35 sample catchments. A typology of catchment sensitivity is developed using clustering and discriminant analysis of physical attributes. The same attributes are used to classify 215 ungauged/data‐sparse catchments. To address possible redundancies, the exposure of different catchment types to projected climate is established using an objectively selected subset of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 ensemble. Hydrological model uncertainty is shown to significantly influence sensitivity and have a greater effect than ensemble bias. A national flood risk allowance of 20%, considering all 215 catchments is shown to afford protection against ~48% to 98% of the uncertainty in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 subset (Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5; 2070–2099), irrespective of hydrological model and catchment type. However, results indicate that assuming a standard national or regional allowance could lead to local over/under adaptation. Herein, catchments with relatively less storage are sensitive to seasonal amplification in the annual cycle of precipitation and warrant special attention.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Using; Scenario‐Neutral Framework; Avoid; Potential; Maladaptation; Future; Flood Risk;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 13846
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR023623
    Depositing User: Conor Murphy
    Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 12:27
    Journal or Publication Title: Water Resources Research
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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