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    PRISM (Polarized Radiation Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission): an extended white paper


    André, P. and Baccigalupi, C. and Banday, A.J. and Barbosa, D. and Barreiro, B. and Bartlett, J. and Bartolo, N. and Battistelli, E. and Battye, R. and Bendo, G. and Benoit, A. and Bernard, J.-P. and Bersanelli, M. and Béthermin, M. and Bielewicz, P. and Bonaldi, A. and Bouchet, F.R. and Brand, J. and Bucher, M. and Burigana, C. and Cai, Z.Y. and Camus, P. and Casas, F.J. and Casasola, V. and Castex, G. and Challinor, A. and Chluba, J. and Chon, G. and Colafrancesco, S. and Comis, B. and Cuttaia, F. and D'Alessandro, Giuseppe and Da Silva, A. and Davis, R.J. and de Avillez, M. and De Bernardis, P. and De Petris, M. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Desert, F.-X. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J.M. and Dunkley, J. and Enßlin, T.A. and Errard, J. and Falgarone, E. and Ferreira, P. and Ferrière, K. and Finelli, F. and Fletcher, A. and Fosalba, P. and Fuller, G. and Galli, S. and Ganga, K. and García-Bellido, J. and Ghribi, A. and Giard, M. and Giraud-Héraud, Y. and Gonzalez-Nuevo, J. and Grainge, K.J.B. and Gruppuso, A. and Hall, Alex and Hamilton, J.-Ch. and Haverkorn, M. and Hernandez-Monteagudo, C. and Herranz, D. and Jackson, M. and Jaffe, A.H. and Khatri, R. and Kunz, M. and Lamagna, L. and Lattanzi, M. and Leahy, P. and Lesgourgues, J. and Liguori, M. and Liuzzo, E. and Lopez-Caniego, M. and Macias-Perez, J.F. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mangilli, A. and Martinez-Gonzalez, E. and Martins, C.J.A.P. and Masi, S. and Massardi, M. and Matarrese, S. and Melchiorri, A. and Melin, J.-B. and Mennella, A. and Mignano, A. and Miville-Deschenes, M.-A. and Monfardini, A. and Murphy, J.Anthony and Naselsky, P. and Nati, F. and Natoli, P. and Negrello, M. and Noviello, F. and O'Sullivan, Créidhe and Paci, F. and Pagano, L. and Paladino, R. and Palanque-Delabrouille, N. and Paoletti, D. and Peiris, H. and Perrotta, F. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Piccirillo, L. and Pisano, G. and Polenta, G. and Pollo, A. and Ponthieu, N. and Remazeilles, M. and Ricciardi, S. and Roman, M. and Rosset, C. and Rubino-Martin, J.A. and Salatino, M. and Schillaci, A. and Shellard, P. and Silk, J. and Starobinsky, Alexei A. and Stompor, R. and Sunyaev, R. and Tartari, A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Trappe, Neil and Tristram, M. and Trombetti, T. and Tucci, M. and van de Weijgaert, R. and Van Tent, B. and Verde, L. and Vielva, P. and Wandelt, B.D. and Watson, Robert and Withington, Stafford (2014) PRISM (Polarized Radiation Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission): an extended white paper. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2014 (6). ISSN 1475-7516

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    Abstract

    PRISM (Polarized Radiation Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission) was proposed to ESA in May 2013 as a large-class mission for investigating within the framework of the ESA Cosmic Vision program a set of important scientific questions that require high resolution, high sensitivity, full-sky observations of the sky emission at wavelengths ranging from millimeter-wave to the far-infrared. PRISM 's main objective is to explore the distant universe, probing cosmic history from very early times until now as well as the structures, distribution of matter, and velocity ows throughout our Hubble volume. PRISM will survey the full sky in a large number of frequency bands in both intensity and polarization and will measure the absolute spectrum of sky emission more than three orders of magnitude better than COBE FIRAS. The data obtained will allow us to precisely measure the absolute sky brightness and polarization of all the components of the sky emission in the observed frequency range, separating the primordial and extragalactic components cleanly from the galactic and zodiacal light emissions. The aim of this Extended White Paper is to provide a more detailed overview of the highlights of the new science that will be made possible by PRISM, which include: (1) the ultimate galaxy cluster survey using the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect, detecting approximately 106 clusters extending to large redshift, including a characterization of the gas temperature of the brightest ones (through the relativistic corrections to the classic SZ template) as well as a peculiar velocity survey using the kinetic SZ effect that comprises our entire Hubble volume; (2) a detailed characterization of the properties and evolution of dusty galaxies, where the most of the star formation in the universe took place, the faintest population of which constitute the diffuse CIB (Cosmic Infrared Background); (3) a characterization of the B modes from primordial gravity waves generated during in ation and from gravitational lensing, as well as the ultimate search for primordial non-Gaussianity using CMB polarization, which is less contaminated by foregrounds on small scales than the temperature anisotropies; (4) a search for distortions from a perfect blackbody spectrum, which include some nearly certain signals and others that are more speculative but more informative; and (5) a study of the role of the magnetic field in star formation and its interaction with other components of the interstellar medium of our Galaxy. These are but a few of the highlights presented here along with a description of the proposed instrument.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Philippe André et al JCAP02(2014)006. This is an extended version of the White paper submitted to ESA in June 2013 (astro-ph arXiv:1306.2259) as part of a competition to select the science themes for the next two ESA L-class (large) missions as part of the ESA Cosmic Vision Programme. The approximate launch dates announced for these two slots, known as L3 and L4, are 2028 and 2034, respectively.
    Keywords: CMBR detectors; CMBR experiments; cosmological parameters from CMBR; PRISM;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
    Item ID: 13929
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2014/02/006
    Depositing User: Dr. Neil Trappe
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2021 16:52
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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