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    The relationship between ICD-11 PTSD, complex PTSD and dissociative experiences.


    Hyland, Philip and Shevlin, Mark and Fyvie, Claire and Cloitre, Marylene and Karatzias, Thanos (2019) The relationship between ICD-11 PTSD, complex PTSD and dissociative experiences. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 21 (1). pp. 62-72. ISSN 1529-9740

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    Abstract

    Debate exists in the trauma literature regarding the role of dissociation in traumatic stress disorders. With the release of the new ICD-11 diagnostic guideline for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD), this issue warrants further attention. In the current study, we provide a preliminary assessment of the associations between ICD-11 CPTSD and dissociative experiences. This study is based on a sample (N = 106) of highly traumatized clinical patients from the United Kingdom who completed measures of traumatic stress and dissociative experiences. The majority of participants met the diagnostic criteria for CPTSD (69.1%, n = 67), with few patients qualifying for a diagnosis of PTSD (9.3%, n = 9). Those with CPTSD had significantly higher levels of dissociative experiences compared to those with PTSD (Cohen’s d = 1.04) and those with no diagnosis (Cohen’s d = 1.44). Three CPTSD symptom clusters were multivariately associated with dissociation: Affective Dysregulation (β = .33), Reexperiencing in the here and now (β = .24), and Disturbed Relationships (β = .22). These findings indicate that dissociative experiences are particularly relevant for clinical patients with CPTSD. Future longitudinal work will be needed to determine if dissociation is a risk factor for, or outcome of, CPTSD.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Hyland P, Shevlin M, Fyvie C, Cloitre M, Karatzias T. The relationship between ICD-11 PTSD, complex PTSD and dissociative experiences. J Trauma Dissociation. 2020 Jan-Feb;21(1):62-72. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2019.1675113. Epub 2019 Oct 4. PMID: 31583967.
    Keywords: Posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD; complex PTSD; CPTSD; ICD-11; dissociation;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 14099
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2019.1675113
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 14:23
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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