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    Planck intermediate results X. Physics of the hot gas in the Coma cluster

    Ade, P.A.R. and Aghanim, N. and Arnaud, M. and Ashdown, M. and Atrio-Barandela, F. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Balbi, A. and Banday, A.J. and Barreiro, R.B. and Bartlett, J.G. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Benoit, A. and Bernard, J.-P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bikmaev, I. and Böhringer, H. and Bonaldi, A. and Bond, J.R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F.R. and Bourdin, H. and Brown, M.L. and brown, S.D. and Burenin, R. and Burigana, C. and Cabella, P. and Cardoso, J.-F. and Carvalho, P. and Catalano, A. and Cayon, L. and Chiang, L.-Y. and Chon, G. and Christensen, P.R. and Churazov, E. and Clements, D.L. and Colafrancesco, S. and Colombo, L.P.L. and Coulais, A. and Crill, B.P. and Cuttaia, F. and Da Silva, A. and Dahle, H. and Danese, L. and Davis, R.J. and De Bernardis, P. and de Gasperis, G. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Démoclès, J. and Desert, F.-X. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J.M. and Dolag, K. and Dole, H. and Donzelli, S. and Dore, O. and Dorl, U. and Douspis, M. and Dupac, X. and Enßlin, T.A. and Eriksen, H.K. and Finelli, F. and Flores-Cacho, I. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Franceschi, E. and Frommert, M. and Galeotta, S. and Ganga, K. and Genova-Santos, R.T. and Giard, M. and Gilfanov, M. and Gonzalez-Nuevo, J. and Gorski, K.M. and Gregorio, A. and Gruppuso, A. and Hansen, F.K. and Harrison, D. and Henrot-Versille, S. and Hernandez-Monteagudo, C. and Hildebrandt, S.R. and Hivon, E. and Hobson, M. and Holmes, W.A. and Hornstrup, A. and Hovest, W. and Huffenberger, K.M. and Hurier, G. and Jaffe, T.R. and Jagemann, T. and Jones, W.C. and Juvela, M. and Keihanen, E. and Khamitov, I. and Kneissl, R. and Knoche, J. and Knox, L. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lagache, G. and Lahteenmaki, A. and Lamarre, J.-M. and Lasenby, A. and Lawrence, C.R. and Le Jeune, M. and Leonardi, R. and Lilje, P.B. and Linden-Vornle, M. and Lopez-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P.M. and Macias-Perez, J.F. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Maris, M. and Marleau, F. and Martinez-Gonzalez, E. and Masi, S. and Massardi, M. and Matarrese, S. and Matthai, F. and Mazzotta, P. and Mei, S. and Melchiorri, A. and Melin, J.-B. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Mitra, S. and Miville-Deschenes, M.-A. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J.Anthony and Naselsky, P. and Natoli, P. and Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U. and Noviello, F. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and Osborne, S. and Pajot, F. and Paoletti, D. and Perdereau, O. and Perrotta, F. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Pierpaoli, E. and Piffaretti, R. and Plaszczynski, S. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Ponthieu, N. and Popa, L. and Poutanen, T. and Pratt, G.W. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J.-L. and Rachen, J.P. and Rebolo, R. and Reinecke, M. and Remazeilles, M. and Renault, C. and Ricciardi, S. and Riller, T. and Ristorcelli, I. and Rocha, G. and Roman, M. and Rosset, C. and Rossetti, M. and Rubino-Martin, J.A. and Rudnick, L. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Savini, G. and Schaefer, B.M. and Scott, D. and Smoot, G.F. and Stivoli, F. and Sudiwala, R. and Sunyaev, R. and Sutton, D. and Suur-Uski, A.-S. and Sygnet, J.-F. and Tauber, J.A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Tuovinen, J. and Turler, M. and Umana, G. and Valenziano, L. and Van Tent, B. and Varis, J. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Vittorio, N. and Wade, L.A. and Wandelt, B.D. and Welikala, N. and White, S.D.M. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zaroubi, S. and Zonca, A. (2013) Planck intermediate results X. Physics of the hot gas in the Coma cluster. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 554 (A140). ISSN 0004-6361

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    We present an analysis of Planck satellite data on the Coma cluster observed via the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. Thanks to its great sensitivity, Planck is able, for the first time, to detect SZ emission up to r ≈ 3 × R500. We test previously proposed spherically symmetric models for the pressure distribution in clusters against the azimuthally averaged data. In particular, we find that the Arnaud et al. (2010, A&A, 517, A92) “universal” pressure profile does not fit Coma, and that their pressure profile for merging systems provides a reasonable fit to the data only at r < R500; by r = 2 × R500 it underestimates the observed y profile by a factor of ≃2. This may indicate that at these larger radii either: i) the cluster SZ emission is contaminated by unresolved SZ sources along the line of sight; or ii) the pressure profile of Coma is higher at r > R500 than the mean pressure profile predicted by the simulations used to constrain the models. The Planck image shows significant local steepening of the y profile in two regions about half a degree to the west and to the south-east of the cluster centre. These features are consistent with the presence of shock fronts at these radii, and indeed the western feature was previously noticed in the ROSAT PSPC mosaic as well as in the radio. Using Plancky profiles extracted from corresponding sectors we find pressure jumps of 4.9-0.2+0.4 and 5.0-0.1+1.3 in the west and south-east, respectively. Assuming Rankine-Hugoniot pressure jump conditions, we deduce that the shock waves should propagate with Mach number Mw = 2.03-0.04+0.09 and Mse = 2.05-0.02+0.25 in the west and south-east, respectively. Finally, we find that the y and radio-synchrotron signals are quasi-linearly correlated on Mpc scales, with small intrinsic scatter. This implies either that the energy density of cosmic-ray electrons is relatively constant throughout the cluster, or that the magnetic fields fall off much more slowly with radius than previously thought.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Planck Collaboration; galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma cluster; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; X-rays: galaxies: clusters; cosmology: observations; galaxies: clusters: general; cosmic background radiation;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
    Item ID: 14263
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Anthony Murphy
    Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2021 12:45
    Journal or Publication Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Refereed: Yes

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