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    Auditory-visual and visual-visual equivalence relations in children

    Smeets, Paul M. and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot (2005) Auditory-visual and visual-visual equivalence relations in children. The Psychological record, 55. pp. 483-503. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Previous research has suggested that persons with mental retardation evidence equivalence more readily after being trained on auditory-visual than on visual-visual match-to-sample tasks. The present study sought to determine if this discrepancy is also apparent in normally capable preschoolers and whether the derived class-consistent test performances could have resulted from applying the same verbal label to all stimuli of a class or from intraverbal naming. Sixteen 5-year-old children received training on auditory-visual and visual-visual match-to-sample tasks. Then they were tested for equivalence, requested to name each stimulus, and given the opportunity to sort the stimuli according to equivalence-class membership. Unsolicited naming responses were recorded during all arbitrary matching tasks. All 16 children passed the auditory-visual equivalence test, 12 of whom also passed the sorting test. Only 9 of these children passed the visual-visual equivalence test, 5 of whom also passed the sorting test. The performances during the equivalence and sorting tests appeared not to be related to the names given during the presentation or after the presentation of the matching tasks.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Auditory-visual; visual-visual; equivalence; relations; children;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 14753
    Depositing User: Prof. Dermot Barnes-Holmes
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 14:02
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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