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    Exemplar training and a derived transformation of functions in accordance with symmetry and equivalence.


    Gomez, Serafin and López Ríos, Francisca and Baños Martín, Carmen and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot (2007) Exemplar training and a derived transformation of functions in accordance with symmetry and equivalence. The Psychological record, 57. pp. 273-294. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Abstract

    The current study consisted of 2 parts, with the same 4 normally developing 4-yr-old children employed across both parts. The primary aim of Part 1 was to replicate previous research on exemplar training and its impact upon the emergence of repertoires of derived symmetry or mutually entailed relations. In this part of the study, the children were trained in action-object conditional discriminations and were then exposed to a symmetry test for the derived object-action relations. All 4 participants demonstrated derived symmetry without needing exemplar training. In Part 2, the conditional discrimination training was extended such that 2 actions were associated with each object and the children were then required to derive the target equivalence relations between the 2 related actions (i.e., actionaction equivalence). Once again, a multiple baseline design was employed for the systematic introduction of exemplars of actionaction training. The results from Part 2 indicated that 3 of the 4 children demonstrated the target-derived equivalence relations only after they received explicit equivalence training. These findings support the role given to exemplar training within a Relational Frame Theory interpretation of derived stimulus relations and suggest its utility as a means of establishing symmetry and equivalence when they are found to be absent.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Exemplar training; derived transformation; functions; symmetry; equivalence;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 14754
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395577
    Depositing User: Prof. Dermot Barnes-Holmes
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 14:35
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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