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    Equivalence-equivalence as a model of analogy: Further analyses

    Carpentier, Franck and Smeets, Paul M. and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot (2003) Equivalence-equivalence as a model of analogy: Further analyses. The Psychological record, 53. pp. 349-371. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Equivalence-equivalence is assumed when training of A-B and A-C matching tasks not only leads to matching same-class B and C stimuli but also to matching BC compounds with same-class elements (e.g., B1 C1-B2C2) and with different-class elements (e.g., B1C2-B2C3). Like classical analogies (a : b :: c : d), equivalence-equivalence requires matching same functional relations. Experiments 1 to 4 examined equivalence-equivalence in 5-year-old children. In each experiment, subjects were tested for equivalence-equivalence before equivalence and, if they did not show equivalence-equivalence, also after the equivalence test. The experiments included various procedural arrangements designed to facilitate equivalence-equivalence, all of which failed. Only 8/18 children showed equivalence-equivalence, 2 before (11%) and 6 after equivalence (33%), irrespective of the facilitative procedures that were used. Adults served in Experiment 5. This experiment was the same as Experiments 1 through 4 but without facilitative arrangements. All adults showed equivalence-equivalence, most of them before equivalence. These and previously collected findings (Carpentier, Smeets, & Barnes-Holmes, 2002) suggest that equivalence-equivalence is an age-related performance similar to that which has been reported in earlier developmental studies on classical analogies. Yet, one should be cautious using equivalence-equivalence as a model for analogical reasoning. The testing procedures in both types of tasks are sufficiently different to permit the performances to be based on different behavioral processes.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Equivalence; equivalence; model; analogy; analyses;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 14795
    Depositing User: Prof. Dermot Barnes-Holmes
    Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2021 11:48
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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