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    Recent Developments in Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Aqueous Environments

    Alves, Daniele C. da Silva and Healy, Bronach and Pinto, Luiz A. de Almeida and Cadaval, Tito R. Sant'Anna, Jr. and Breslin, Carmel B. (2021) Recent Developments in Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Aqueous Environments. Molecules, 26 (594). ISSN 1420-3049

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    The quality of water is continuously under threat as increasing concentrations of pollutants escape into the aquatic environment. However, these issues can be alleviated by adsorbing pollutants onto adsorbents. Chitosan and its composites are attracting considerable interest as environmentally acceptable adsorbents and have the potential to remove many of these contaminants. In this review the development of chitosan-based adsorbents is described and discussed. Following a short introduction to the extraction of chitin from seafood wastes, followed by its conversion to chitosan, the properties of chitosan are described. Then, the emerging chitosan/carbon-based materials, including magnetic chitosan and chitosan combined with graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes, biochar, and activated carbon and also chitosan-silica composites are introduced. The applications of these materials in the removal of various heavy metal ions, including Cr(VI), Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), and different cationic and anionic dyes, phenol and other organic molecules, such as antibiotics, are reviewed, compared and discussed. Adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics are then highlighted and followed by details on the mechanisms of adsorption and the role of the chitosan and the carbon or silica supports. Based on the reviewed papers, it is clear, that while some challenges remain, chitosan-based materials are emerging as promising adsorbents.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/). Cite as: da Silva Alves, D.C.; Healy, B.; Pinto, L.A.d.A.; Cadaval, T.R.S., Jr.; Breslin, C.B. Recent Developments in Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Aqueous Environments. Molecules 2021, 26, 594. molecules26030594
    Keywords: chitosan; adsorbent; carbon; graphene oxide; silica; magnetic separation; dyes; heavy metals; adsorption; Langmuir isotherm;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 15102
    Identification Number: molecules26030594
    Depositing User: Dr. Carmel Breslin
    Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2021 16:24
    Journal or Publication Title: Molecules
    Publisher: MDPI
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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