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    Kindergarten self-control mediates the gender reading achievement gap: A population-based cohort study


    Daly, Michael and Corcoran, Roisin P. (2019) Kindergarten self-control mediates the gender reading achievement gap: A population-based cohort study. Journal of Research in Personality, 83 (103881). ISSN 0092-6566

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    Abstract

    Could superior self-control explain the gender difference in reading achievement favoring girls? To test this idea, we drew on a unique population-based sample (N = 11,336) where self-control was measured in kindergarten using a multimethod battery of assessments. Girls showed substantially higher levels of self-control in kindergarten (β = 0.47) and outperformed boys on standardized tests of reading achievement in third/fourth grade (β = 0.20). Further, kindergarten self-control prospectively predicted reading achievement throughout elementary school (β = 0.37). Connecting these findings, our mediation analyses revealed that the female self-control advantage in kindergarten could account for subsequent gender differences in reading achievement. Our results suggest that early gender differences in self-control may represent a key pathway through which gender disparities in reading skills, vocabulary knowledge, and reading comprehension occur.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Michael Daly, Roisin P. Corcoran, Kindergarten self-control mediates the gender reading achievement gap: A population-based cohort study, Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 83, 2019, 103881, ISSN 0092-6566, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103881. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092656619301023)
    Keywords: Self-control; Self-regulation; Academic achievement; Sex differences; Reading; Social and emotional learning (SEL);
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 15242
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103881
    Depositing User: Michael Daly
    Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2022 15:27
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Research in Personality
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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