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    A Bidirectional Relationship between Executive Function and Health Behavior: Evidence, Implications, and Future Directions

    Allan, Julia L. and McMinn, David and Daly, Michael (2016) A Bidirectional Relationship between Executive Function and Health Behavior: Evidence, Implications, and Future Directions. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10. ISSN 1662-453X

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    Physically active lifestyles and other health-enhancing behaviors play an important role in preserving executive function into old age. Conversely, emerging research suggests that executive functions facilitate participation in a broad range of healthy behaviors including physical activity and reduced fatty food, tobacco, and alcohol consumption. They do this by supporting the volition, planning, performance monitoring, and inhibition necessary to enact intentions and override urges to engage in health damaging behavior. Here, we focus firstly on evidence suggesting that health-enhancing behaviors can induce improvements in executive function. We then switch our focus to findings linking executive function to the consistent performance of health-promoting behaviors and the avoidance of health risk behaviors. We suggest that executive function, health behavior, and disease processes are interdependent. In particular, we argue that a positive feedback loop may exist whereby health behavior-induced changes in executive function foster subsequent health-enhancing behaviors, which in turn help sustain efficient executive functions and good health. We conclude by outlining the implications of this reciprocal relationship for intervention strategies, the design of research studies, and the study of healthy aging.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: executive function; cognitive ability; health behavior; physical activity; substance use; diet; health;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 15570
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Michael Daly
    Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2022 14:40
    Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
    Publisher: Frontiers Media
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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