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    Fortress Europe, Global Migration & the Global Pandemic

    Reynolds, John (2020) Fortress Europe, Global Migration & the Global Pandemic. AJIL Unbound, 114. pp. 342-348. ISSN 2398-7723

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    The European Union’s external border regime is a manifestation of continuing imperialism. It reinforces particular imaginaries of Europe’s wealth as somehow innate (rather than plundered and extorted1) and of Europeanness itself as whiteness—euphemistically packaged as a “European Way of Life” to be protected.2 This exposes international law’s structural limitations—if not designs—as bound up with racial borders in the global context. In the wake of COVID-19 and with a climate apocalypse already underway, these realities need to be urgently ruptured and reimagined.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: © John Reynolds 2020. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Cite as: Reynolds, J. (2020). Fortress Europe, Global Migration & the Global Pandemic. AJIL Unbound, 114, 342-348. doi:10.1017/aju.2020.64
    Keywords: Fortress Europe; Global Migration; Global Pandemic; COVID-19; international law; borders; European Union; climate emergency;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Law
    Item ID: 15620
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: John Reynolds
    Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2022 15:05
    Journal or Publication Title: AJIL Unbound
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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