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    Registered Replication Report

    Wagenmakers, E.-J. and Beek, T. and Dijkhoff, L. and Gronau, Q. F. and Acosta, A. and Adams, R. B. and Albohn, D. N. and Allard, E. S. and Benning, S. D. and Blouin-Hudon, E.-M. and Bulnes, L. C. and Caldwell, T. L. and Calin-Jageman, R. J. and Capaldi, C. A. and Carfagno, N. S. and Chasten, K. T. and Cleeremans, A. and Connell, L. and DeCicco, J. M. and Dijkstra, K. and Fischer, A. H. and Foroni, F. and Hess, U. and Holmes, K. J. and Jones, J. L. H. and Klein, O. and Koch, C. and Korb, S. and Lewinski, P. and Liao, J. D. and Lund, S. and Lupianez, J. and Lynott, Dermot and Nance, C. N. and Oosterwijk, S. and Ozdoğru, A. A. and Pacheco-Unguetti, A. P. and Pearson, B. and Powis, C. and Riding, S. and Roberts, T.-A. and Rumiati, R. I. and Senden, M. and Shea-Shumsky, N. B. and Sobocko, K. and Soto, J. A. and Steiner, T. G. and Talarico, J. M. and van Allen, Z. M. and Vandekerckhove, M. and Wainwright, B. and Wayand, J. F. and Zeelenberg, R. and Zetzer, E. E. and Zwaan, R. A. (2016) Registered Replication Report. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11 (6). pp. 917-928. ISSN 1745-6916

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    According to the facial feedback hypothesis, people’s affective responses can be influenced by their own facial expression (e.g., smiling, pouting), even when their expression did not result from their emotional experiences. For example, Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) instructed participants to rate the funniness of cartoons using a pen that they held in their mouth. In line with the facial feedback hypothesis, when participants held the pen with their teeth (inducing a “smile”), they rated the cartoons as funnier than when they held the pen with their lips (inducing a “pout”). This seminal study of the facial feedback hypothesis has not been replicated directly. This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 17 independent direct replications of Study 1 from Strack et al. (1988), all of which followed the same vetted protocol. A meta-analysis of these studies examined the difference in funniness ratings between the “smile” and “pout” conditions. The original Strack et al. (1988) study reported a rating difference of 0.82 units on a 10-point Likert scale. Our meta-analysis revealed a rating difference of 0.03 units with a 95% confidence interval ranging from −0.11 to 0.16.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: facial feedback hypothesis; replication; many-labs; preregistration;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 15647
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dermot Lynott
    Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 12:04
    Journal or Publication Title: Perspectives on Psychological Science
    Publisher: Sage Publications
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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