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    Command And Control In Amphibious Operations: the Lessons of History

    Speller, Ian (2019) Command And Control In Amphibious Operations: the Lessons of History. Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval (Journal of the Brazilian Naval War College), 25 (3). pp. 561-586. ISSN 2359-3075

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    This paper examines the history of command and control in amphibious operations. It explores a number of case studies in order to identify and illustrate some enduring challenges and to analyse the extent to which alternative approaches to command may have mitigated or exacerbated these. The case studies focus on examples from the Anglo-American experience in the twentieth century, but the aim is to draw conclusions with wider relevance. The paper identifies that three general approaches to command and control developed over the centuries; namely, co-equal command without the appointment of a commander in chief, unified command with one overall commander, and command by one service. The impact of these different systems is explored with reference to operations at Narvik (1940), Guadalcanal (1942), Normandy (1944) and the Falklands/Malvinas (1982). The paper examines the notion of ‘paramount interest’ and explores how this relates to the current concept of supported and supporting commanders. It concludes by discussing current NATO doctrine and noting the importance of an in-theatre joint commander with the authority and understanding to enable them to control and coordinate the activities of different force elements.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License: .
    Keywords: Command and Control; Amphibious; Marines; Joint Operations;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > History
    Item ID: 15703
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Ian Speller
    Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2022 11:11
    Journal or Publication Title: Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval (Journal of the Brazilian Naval War College)
    Publisher: Escola de Guerra Naval, Brasil
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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