MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    Interpretation of the herbaceous pollen spectra in paleoecological reconstructions: A spatial extension of Indices of Association and determination of individual pollen source areas from binary data


    Shaw, Helen and Whyte, Ian (2020) Interpretation of the herbaceous pollen spectra in paleoecological reconstructions: A spatial extension of Indices of Association and determination of individual pollen source areas from binary data. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 279. p. 104238. ISSN 0034-6667

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (3MB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    To examine the relationship between plant presence and pollen presence, modern pollen samples were collected and counted from natural moss polsters in the UK uplands. The herbaceous pollen signal is difficult to interpret in paleoecological analysis as pollen presence is often rare for individual herb taxa. Indices of association have previously been used to determine association from over- and under-representation; however, previous surveys have used spatially limited single-source areas. Indices of Association (IOA) between pollen and plant presence at increasing distance from the pollen source, to 50 m, are presented in a new spatially extended IOA (SEIOA) method. For several pollen taxa, including Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus acris-type, Rumex and the Cichorioideae family, association increased progressively, when plants at greater distance were included in the calculation, and over-representation was reduced. Other taxa become increasingly under-represented at the landscape scale, e.g., Filipendula, Apiaceae, Cerastium indicating true ultra-local source areas. A weak association and increasing under-representation indices, cautions that pollen absence of these types in paleoecological analysis is not a secure indicator of plant absence. Extended IOA values can aid the interpretation of the rare-type pollen spectra in paleoecological analyses. The method shows potential for developing individual pollen source areas (iPSAs) for herbaceous pollen types. These iPSAs together with the probability of correct application, determined by accuracy and association scores, are useful when applying pollen correction factors in pollen-derived vegetation community and landscape models. Further indices and significance testing are suggested to enhance understanding of the association and the rate of correct classification. The results can assist both interpretation of community composition from the herbaceous pollen spectra in local-scale paleoecological studies, and understanding the limits to this interpretation in paleoecological analysis.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Helen Shaw, Ian Whyte, Interpretation of the herbaceous pollen spectra in paleoecological reconstructions: A spatial extension of Indices of Association and determination of individual pollen source areas from binary data, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Volume 279,2020,104238, ISSN 0034-6667, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2020.104238.
    Keywords: Paleoecology; Herbaceous pollen; Pollen dispersal; Indices of Association; Spatially extended Indices of Association; Individual Pollen Source areas;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 15834
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2020.104238
    Depositing User: Helen Shaw
    Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 10:42
    Journal or Publication Title: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year