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    The lexicography and etymology of OIr. eclas

    Stifter, David and Hayden, Deborah (2022) The lexicography and etymology of OIr. eclas. North American Journal of Celtic Studies, 6 (2). pp. 236-250. ISSN 2472-7482 (Submitted)

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    This article examines the existing lexicographical evidence for the rare Irish word eclas, typically translated as ‘stomach’ or ‘gizzard’, and presents some hitherto unnoticed attestations of this term from a large collection of Irish medical remedies now preserved in two sixteenth-century manuscripts. The new data allow better insights into the historical phonology and morphology of OIr. eclas and its Breton cognate elas, and make it possible to set up an Indo-European etymology for it and the related word glas in Welsh and Cornish. This reconstruction *(eg̑ʰs)-gʰl̥H-ST-o/eh₂- also has repercussions for the reconstruction of words for ‘digestive organs’ in other Indo-European languages. Even though eclas occurs as an equivalent for gaile ‘stomach’ in the context of late-medieval medical writing, it is argued that it probably originally referred to some other internal organ in the vicinity of the stomach, possibly the ‘oesophagus’

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Irish medical texts; anatomy; lexicography; etymology (of eclas); geminate stops in Celtic;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > School of Celtic Studies > Early Irish (Sean Ghaeilge)
    Item ID: 16891
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Prof. David Stifter
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2023 11:42
    Journal or Publication Title: North American Journal of Celtic Studies
    Publisher: The Ohio State University Press
    Refereed: No
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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