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    How to avoid others and influence people: Attachment orientations predict leader prototypicality in ad hoc teams

    Gruda, Dritjon and McCleskey, Jim (2022) How to avoid others and influence people: Attachment orientations predict leader prototypicality in ad hoc teams. Acta Psychologica, 230 (103742). pp. 1-8. ISSN 00016918

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    The existing literature has explored the role and importance of personality traits in leader prototypicality. However, limited research exists concerning the link between personality traits and leader emergence or prototypicality in ad hoc teams. Based on the relational leadership and attachment literature, we examine whether leader attachment orientations can serve as antecedents of leader prototypicality in ad hoc teams. Utilizing an ad hoc problem-solving task featuring a round-robin design in a sample of 197 participants, we find that individuals with a dominant avoidant attachment orientation were more likely to be perceived as leader-like or leader prototypical. In comparison, individuals with a dominant anxious attachment orientation were much less likely to emerge as leader prototypical. We interpret these findings in alignment with attachment theory and relational leadership and discuss the role of relational personality traits in ad hoc teams with no formally appointed leader.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Ad hoc teams; Attachment; Leader emergence; Personality; Group relations;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 17624
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Jon Gruda
    Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2023 13:38
    Journal or Publication Title: Acta Psychologica
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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