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    Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998)

    O’Donnell, Michael and Nelson, Leif D. and Ackermann, Evi and Aczel, Balazs and Akhtar, Athfah and Aldrovandi, Silvio and Alshaif, Nasseem and Andringa, Ronald and Aveyard, Mark and Babincak, Peter and Balatekin, Nursena and Baldwin, Scott A. and Banik, Gabriel and Baskin, Ernest and Bell, Raoul and Białobrzeska, Olga and Birt, Angie R. and Boot, Walter R. and Braithwaite, Scott R. and Briggs, Jessie C. and Buchner, Axel and Budd, Desiree and Budzik, Kathryn and Bullens, Lottie and Bulley, Richard L. and Cannon, Peter R. and Cantarero, Katarzyna and Cesario, Joseph and Chambers, Stephanie and Chartier, Christopher R. and Chekroun, Peggy and Chong, Clara and Cleeremans, Axel and Coary, Sean P. and Coulthard, Jacob and Cramwinckel, Florien M. and Denson, Thomas F. and Díaz-Lago, Marcos and DiDonato, Theresa E. and Drummond, Aaron and Eberlen, Julia and Ebersbach, Titus and Edlund, John E. and Finnigan, Katherine M. and Fisher, Justin and Frankowska, Natalia and García-Sánchez, Efraín and Golom, Frank D. and Graves, Andrew J. and Greenberg, Kevin and Hanioti, Mando and Hansen, Heather A. and Harder, Jenna A. and Harrell, Erin R. and Hartanto, Andree and Inzlicht, Michael and Johnson, David J. and Karpinski, Andrew and Keller, Victor N. and Klein, Olivier and Koppel, Lina and Krahmer, Emiel and Lantian, Anthony and Larson, Michael J. and Légal, Jean-Baptiste and Lucas, Richard E. and Lynott, Dermot and Magaldino, Corey M. and Massar, Karlijn and McBee, Matthew T. and McLatchie, Neil and Melia, Nadhilla and Mensink, Michael C. and Mieth, Laura and Moore-Berg, Samantha and Neeser, Geraldine and Newell, Ben R. and Noordewier, Marret K. and Ali Özdoğru, Asil and Pantazi, Myrto and Parzuchowski, Michał and Peters, Kim and Philipp, Michael C. and Pollmann, Monique M. H. and Rentzelas, Panagiotis and Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa and Philipp Röer, Jan and Ropovik, Ivan and Roque, Nelson A. and Rueda, Carolina and Rutjens, Bastiaan T. and Sackett, Katey and Salamon, Janos and Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ángel and Saunders, Blair and Schaafsma, Juliette and Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Michael and Shanks, David R. and Sherman, Martin F. and Steele, Kenneth M. and Steffens, Niklas K. and Sun, Jessie and Susa, Kyle J. and Szaszi, Barnabas and Szollosi, Aba and Tamayo, Ricardo M. and Tinghög, Gustav and Tong, Yuk-yue and Tweten, Carol and Vadillo, Miguel A. and Valcarcel, Deisy and Van der Linden, Nicolas and van Elk, Michiel and van Harreveld, Frenk and Västfjäll, Daniel and Vazire, Simine and Verduyn, Philippe and Williams, Matt N. and Willis, Guillermo B. and Wood, Sarah E. and Yang, Chunliang and Zerhouni, Oulmann and Zheng, Robert and Zrubka, Mark (2018) Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13 (2). pp. 268-294. ISSN 1745-6916

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    Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (“professor”) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (“soccer hooligans”). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%–3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and −0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the “professor” category and those primed with the “hooligan” category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: priming; replication; intelligence;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 17658
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dermot Lynott
    Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2023 14:19
    Journal or Publication Title: Perspectives on Psychological Science
    Publisher: Sage Publications
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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