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    What's in Lisbon? Art Museums, Art Dealers, and Refugees in Portugal between 1933 and 1945

    Sousa Fialho De Pinho Brandao, Maria Ines (2023) What's in Lisbon? Art Museums, Art Dealers, and Refugees in Portugal between 1933 and 1945. PhD thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth.

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    This thesis focuses on the transactions of works of art that took place in Portugal during the period of the Third Reich (1933-1945), the institutions and individuals involved in these transactions, and the works of art that were the object of those transactions. Drawing on American, Austrian, British, Dutch, French, German, Portuguese, and Swiss primary sources, the thesis sets out to determine the extent of the influence of the refugee flux into the country and of the international circulation of Nazi-looted art on the Portuguese art market. It does so by identifying and studying the actions of specific groups identified as having the higher chances of benefiting from these circumstances: importers and exporters of non-contemporary works of art; national art museums in Lisbon and Porto, cities with international communications and transport networks, which hosted the highest number of refugees; public museums in seaside and spa resorts, where thousands of refugees resided during the war years; and the foreign art dealers who opened businesses in Lisbon. Conceptually, it begins with a large universe of analysis, narrowing its scope as the chapters progress, culminating in the study of the actions of one single figure, and clarifying the provenance of one single painting, in a case study that brings together various areas of research examined previously. While findings confirm the supposition that the Portuguese State and public institutions did not knowingly engage in the acquisition of Nazi-looted art during this period, they reveal that some of their acquisitions require further provenance research, and that the actions of specific individuals in bringing works of art into the country demand further scrutiny.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Keywords: Lisbon; Art Museums; Art Dealers; Refugees; Portugal; 1933; 1945;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > History
    Item ID: 17833
    Depositing User: IR eTheses
    Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2023 14:51
      Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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