MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    The role of polarseaworthiness in shipping planning for infrastructure projects in the Arctic: The case of Yamal LNG plant

    Rigot-Müller, Patrick and Cheaitou, Ali and Etienne, Laurent and Faury, Olivier and Fedi, Laurent (2022) The role of polarseaworthiness in shipping planning for infrastructure projects in the Arctic: The case of Yamal LNG plant. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 155. pp. 330-353. ISSN 0965-8564

    Download (3MB) | Preview

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    The numerous Artic port industrial complex projects are currently marked by a lack of both railroad and road infrastructures and require a heavy cargo shipping service. Yet, navigation in the Arctic implies facing harsh sailing conditions. To prevent risk arising from this singular region, the IMO Polar Code imposes mandatory tools as the Polar Ship Certificate and suggests others such as POLARIS. At the crossroads of container and tramp market, scholars have paid little attention to the transportation of heavy cargo. The objective of this research is to assess the impact of the Polar Code policy framework and its tools on the management of a highly strategic project. To do so, we shall rely on the case of the transport and assembly of the Yamal LNG plant modules. Yamal LNG started its production in late 2019 and has already produced 19 million tons per year. The paper contemplates a ship routing and scheduling optimization model that considers different fleet types and ice conditions and applies the POLARIS Risk Index Outcome (RIO) in Arctic waters. Even though the modules are required on site in summer, due to the extreme weather conditions and limited accessibility in winter, our results highlight that the use of Polar Class vessels allowing year-round navigation in Arctic waters is critical to ensure the success of such projects. Indeed, Polar Class 3 vessels, as ships with the greatest possible “polarseaworthiness”, are capable of significantly reducing delays in project’s completion. It also emphasizes the paramount role of the Polar Code and related tools in the shipping risk management of Arctic infrastructure projects.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Arctic shipping; Heavy goods shipping; Project cargo shipping management; Ship routing and scheduling;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 17892
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Patrick Rigot Muller
    Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 15:23
    Journal or Publication Title: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads