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    In search of a neuropsychological profile for migraine: A scoping review


    Richardson, Shannon and Díaz-Orueta, Unai (2024) In search of a neuropsychological profile for migraine: A scoping review. European Journal of Pain. ISSN 1090-3801

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    Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.2244


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    Abstract

    Objective: Migraine is commonly overlooked by the general population and by professionals in research and clinical practice. Moreover, it is difficult to grasp the neuropsychological profile of migraineurs due to the cyclic nature of the disorder. With this in mind, a scoping review of the literature was conducted with the goal of characterizing cognitive domains associated with deficits in migraine.Methods: PubMed, PsychInfo, Scopus, EMBASE and OpenGrey databases were searched for studies published from 1st January 2006 to 30th November 2022. Following the review process, 52 eligible studies were included in the review.Results: Studies included in this review show mixed and sometimes contradic-tory findings. Overall, both visual and auditory perception appear to be impaired. Deficits on attention, many memory processes, visuospatial function and spatial navigation and on a wide range of executive functions (set- shifting and cogni-tive flexibility, decision- making and reasoning, working memory and prospective memory) complete a complex cognitive profile in migraine. Lack of consistency across studies in sample selection and sizes, lack of detailed links between cogni-tive deficits and specific migraine phases, or length and chronicity, inconsisten-cies on the role of aura in cognitive function; and heterogeneity and sometimes questionable reliability and validity of some of the cognitive measures used may affect the clarity and consistency of results observed.Conclusion: Further research properly addressing the role of gender and age, migraine stage, length and chronicity of the condition, the effect of aura and co-morbidities is needed, alongside increasing consistency across diverse neuropsy-chological assessment protocols.Significance: This review provides a comprehensive, up- to- date picture of the current status of knowledge in relation to the characterization of the complex cognitive profile of migraine. It offers detailed information of the existing re-search gaps and challenges to improve the cognitive characterization of migraine across its different stages and leads clinicians to carefully consider the selection of relevant cognitive tasks, in order to grasp more accurately the patient’s cognitive profile; an assessment that should be an integral part of any protocol developed for the clinical assessment and subsequent treatment planning for migraine.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: search; neuropsychological profile; migraine; scoping review;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 18125
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.2244
    Depositing User: Unai Diaz-Orueta
    Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2024 12:25
    Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Pain
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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