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    Are societal-level values still relevant measures in the twenty-first century businessworld? A 39-society analysis

    Ralston, David A. and Russell, Craig J. and Terpstra-Tong, Jane and Trevino, Len J. and Ramburuth, Prem and Richards, Malika and Casado, Tania and de la Garza Carranza, María Teresa and Naoumova, Irina and Li, Yongjuan and Srinivasan, Narasimhan and Lenartowicz, Tomasz and Furrer, Olivier and Fu, Ping Ping and Pekerti, Andre and Dabic, Marina and Palmer, Ian and Kangasniemi, Maria and Szabo, Erna and Ruiz Gutiérrez, Jaime and Reynaud, Emmanuelle and Darder, Fidel León and Maria Rossi, Ana and von Wangenheim, Florian and Molteni, Mario and Starkus, Arunas and Mockaitis, Audra and Butt, Arif and Girson, Ilya and Dharmasiri, Ajantha S. and Kuo, Min-Hsun and Dalgic, Tevfik and Thanh, Hung Vu and Moon, Yong-lin and Hallinger, Philip and Potocan, Vojko V. and Nicholson, Joel and Milton, Laurie and Weber, Mark and Lee, Chay Hoon and Ansari, Mahfooz and Pla-Barber, Jose and Jesuino, Jorge C. and Alas, Ruth and Danis, Wade and Chia, Ho-Beng and Fang, Yongqing and Elenkov, Detelin and Brock, David M. (2022) Are societal-level values still relevant measures in the twenty-first century businessworld? A 39-society analysis. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. ISSN 1572-9958

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    Since the days of Hofstede (1980), cross-cultural comparisons of countries based on societal-level work values have been a norm. This approach has been represented more recently in Ronen and Shenkar’s (2013) 11 clusters of country cultures. However, more contemporary research found within-country heterogeneity of values/ behaviors is substantial and growing exponentially across today’s twenty-first century businessworld. We investigated, across a sample of 39 societies, whether work values variance within societies was greater than work values variance across societies, and whether individual work values differences contributed more to predictions of behavioral performance criteria than the society in which the individuals lived. Both sets of analyses addressed how work values conceived at societal-levels are relevant in understanding the twenty-first century businessworld. Our findings revealed first that there was substantial within-society values heterogeneity, which resulted in the failure to replicate Ronen and Shanker’s (2013) societal cluster aggregations. Second, we found individual-level values contributed significantly to the prediction of employees’ behaviors, while societal-level values contributed substantially less. These findings strongly suggest that cross-cultural studies of work values predictive power are most relevant when conducted at the individual-level. Finally, we also make available for future investigators a 51-society database containing 11,780 individual-level records.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Individual-level analysis; Societal-level analysis; Business values dimensions; BVD; Subordinate influence ethics; SIE; behaviors; Cluster analysis; Hierarchical linear modeling; HLM;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 18185
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Audra Mockaitis
    Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2024 14:40
    Journal or Publication Title: Asia Pacific Journal of Management
    Publisher: Springer
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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