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    The Large Hadron–Electron Collider at the HL-LHC

    Agostini, P and Aksakal, H and Alekhin, S and Allport, P P and Andari, N and Andre, K D J and Angal-Kalinin, D and Antusch, S and Aperio Bella, L and Apolinario, L and Apsimon, R and Apyan, A and Arduini, G and Ari, V and Armbruster, A and Armesto, N and Auchmann, B and Aulenbacher, K and Azuelos, G and Backovic, S and Bailey, I and Bailey, S and Balli, F and Behera, S and Behnke, O and Ben-Zvi, I and Benedikt, M and Bernauer, J and Bertolucci, S and Biswal, S S and Blümlein, J and Bogacz, A and Bonvini, M and Boonekamp, M and Bordry, F and Boroun, G R and Bottura, L and Bousson, S and Bouzas, A O and Bracco, C and Bracinik, J and Britzger, D and Brodsky, S J and Bruni, C and Brüning, O and Burkhardt, H and Cakir, O and Calaga, R and Caldwell, A and Calıskan, A and Camarda, S and Catalan-Lasheras, N C and Cassou, K and Cepila, J and Cetinkaya, V and Chetvertkova, V and Cole, B and Coleppa, B and Cooper-Sarkar, A and Cormier, E and Cornell, A S and Corsini, R and Cruz-Alaniz, E and Currie, J and Curtin, D and D’Onofrio, M and Dainton, J and Daly, E and Das, A and Das, S P and Dassa, L and de Blas, J and Delle Rose, L and Denizli, H and Deshpande, K S and Douglas, D and Duarte, L and Dupraz, K and Dutta, S and Efremov, A V and Eichhorn, R and Eskola, K J and Ferreiro, E G and Fischer, O and Flores-Sánchez, O and Forte, S and Gaddi, A and Gao, J and Gehrmann, T and Gehrmann-De Ridder, A and Gerigk, F and Gilbert, A and Giuli, F and Glazov, A and Glover, N and Godbole, R M and Goddard, B and Gonçalves, V and Gonzalez-Sprinberg, G A and Goyal, A and Grames, J and Granados, E and Grassellino, A and Gunaydin, Y O and Guo, Y C and Guzey, V and Gwenlan, C and Hammad, A and Han, C C and Harland-Lang, L and Haug, F and Hautmann, F and Hayden, D and Hessler, J and Helenius, I and Henry, J and Hernandez-Sanchez, J and Hesari, H and Hobbs, T J and Hod, N and Hoffstaetter, G H and Holzer, B and Honorato, C G and Hounsell, B and Hu, N and Hug, F and Huss, A and Hutton, A and 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Moretti, S and Morgan, T and Morreale, A and Nadolsky, P and Navarra, F and Nergiz, Z and Newman, P and Niehues, J and Nissen, E A and Nowakowski, M and Okada, N and Olivier, G and Olness, F and Olry, G and Osborne, J A and Ozansoy, A and Pan, R and Parker, B and Patra, M and Paukkunen, H and Peinaud, Y and Pellegrini, D and Perez-Segurana, G and Perini, D and Perrot, L and Pietralla, N and Pilicer, E and Pire, B and Pires, J and Placakyte, R and Poelker, M and Polifka, R and Polini, A and Poulose, P and Pownall, G and Pupkov, Y A and Queiroz, F S and Rabbertz, K and Radescu, V and Rahaman, R and Rai, S K and Raicevic, N and Ratoff, P and Rashed, A and Raut, D and Raychaudhuri, S and Repond, J and Rezaeian, A H and Rimmer, R and Rinolfi, L and Rojo, J and Rosado, A and Ruan, X and Russenschuck, S and Sahin, M and Salgado, C A and Sampayo, O A and Satendra, K and Satyanarayan, N and Schenke, B and Schirm, K and Schopper, H and Schott, M and Schulte, D and Schwanenberger, C and Sekine, T and Senol, A and Seryi, A and Setiniyaz, S and Shang, L and Shen, X and Shipman, N and Sinha, N and Slominski, W and Smith, S and Solans, C and Song, M and Spiesberger, H and Stanyard, J and Starostenko, A and Stasto, A and Stocchi, A and Strikman, M and Stuart, M J and Sultansoy, S and Sun, H and Sutton, M and Szymanowski, L and Tapan, I and Tapia-Takaki, D and Tanaka, M and Tang, Y and Tasci, A T and Ten-Kate, A T and Thonet, P and Tomas-Garcia, R and Tommasini, D and Trbojevic, D and Trott, M and Tsurin, I and Tudora, A and Turk Cakir, I and Tywoniuk, K and Vallerand, C and Valloni, A and Verney, D and Vilella, E and Walker, D and Wallon, S and Wang, B and Wang, K and Wang, K and Wang, X and Wang, Z S and Wei, H and Welsch, C and Willering, G and Williams, P H and Wollmann, D and Xiaohao, C and Xu, T and Yaguna, C E and Yamaguchi, Y and Yamazaki, Y and Yang, H and Yilmaz, A and Yock, P and Yue, C X and Zadeh, S G and Zenaiev, O and Zhang, C and Zhang, J and Zhang, R and Zhang, Z and Zhu, G and Zhu, S and Zimmermann, F and Zomer, F and Zurita, J and Zurita, P (2021) The Large Hadron–Electron Collider at the HL-LHC. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 48 (11). p. 110501. ISSN 0954-3899

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    The Large Hadron–Electron Collider (LHeC) is designed to move the field of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) to the energy and intensity frontier of particle physics. Exploiting energy-recovery technology, it collides a novel, intense electron beam with a proton or ion beam from the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). The accelerator and interaction region are designed for concurrent electron–proton and proton–proton operations. This report represents an update to the LHeC's conceptual design report (CDR), published in 2012. It comprises new results on the parton structure of the proton and heavier nuclei, QCD dynamics, and electroweak and top-quark physics. It is shown how the LHeC will open a new chapter of nuclear particle physics by extending the accessible kinematic range of lepton–nucleus scattering by several orders of magnitude. Due to its enhanced luminosity and large energy and the cleanliness of the final hadronic states, the LHeC has a strong Higgs physics programme and its own discovery potential for new physics. Building on the 2012 CDR, this report contains a detailed updated design for the energy-recovery electron linac (ERL), including a new lattice, magnet and superconducting radio-frequency technology, and further components. Challenges of energy recovery are described, and the lower-energy, high-current, three-turn ERL facility, PERLE at Orsay, is presented, which uses the LHeC characteristics serving as a development facility for the design and operation of the LHeC. An updated detector design is presented corresponding to the acceptance, resolution, and calibration goals that arise from the Higgs and parton-density-function physics programmes. This paper also presents novel results for the Future Circular Collider in electron–hadron (FCC-eh) mode, which utilises the same ERL technology to further extend the reach of DIS to even higher centre-of-mass energies.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: deep-inelastic scattering; high-lumi LHC; QCD; Higgs; top and electroweak physics; nuclear physics; beyond Standard Model; energy-recoverylinac; accelerator physics;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Theoretical Physics
    Item ID: 18414
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Hamzeh Khanpour
    Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2024 11:49
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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