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    JWST Observations of Young protoStars (JOYS)

    Beuther, H. and van Dishoeck, E. F. and Tychoniec, L. and Gieser, C. and Kavanagh, Patrick J. and Perotti, G. and van Gelder, M. L. and Klaassen, P. and Caratti o Garatti, A. and Francis, L. and Rocha, W. R. M. and Slavicinska, K. and Ray, T. and Justtanont, K. and Linnartz, H. and Waelkens, C. and Colina, L. and Greve, T. and Güdel, M. and Henning, T. and Lagage, P.-O. and Vandenbussche, B. and Östlin, G. and Wright, G. (2023) JWST Observations of Young protoStars (JOYS). Astronomy & Astrophysics, 673. A121. ISSN 0004-6361

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    Context. Understanding the earliest stages of star formation, and setting it in the context of the general cycle of matter in the interstellar medium, is a central aspect of research with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Aims. The JWST program JOYS (JWST Observations of Young protoStars) aims to characterize the physical and chemical properties of young high- and low-mass star-forming regions, in particular the unique mid-infrared diagnostics of the warmer gas and solid-state components. We present early results from the high-mass star formation region IRAS 23385+6053. Methods. The JOYS program uses the Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) Medium Resolution Spectrometer (MRS) with its integral field unit (IFU) to investigate a sample of high- and low-mass star-forming protostellar systems. Results. The full 5–28 µm MIRI MRS spectrum of IRAS 23385+6053 shows a plethora of interesting features. While the general spectrum is typical for an embedded protostar, we see many atomic and molecular gas lines boosted by the higher spectral resolution and sensitivity compared to previous space missions. Furthermore, ice and dust absorption features are also present. Here, we focus on the continuum emission, outflow tracers such as the H2(0–0)S(7), [FeII](4F9/2– 6D9/2), and [NeII](2P1/2− 2P3/2) lines, and the potential accretion tracer Humphreys α HI(7–6). The short-wavelength MIRI data resolve two continuum sources, A and B; mid-infrared source A is associated with the main millimeter continuum peak. The combination of mid-infrared and millimeter data reveals a young cluster in the making. Combining the mid-infrared outflow tracers H2, [FeII], and [NeII] with millimeter SiO data reveals a complex interplay of at least three molecular outflows driven by protostars in the forming cluster. Furthermore, the Humphreys α line is detected at a 3–4σ level toward the mid-infrared sources A and B. One can roughly estimate both accretion luminosities and corresponding accretion rates to be between ∼2.6 × 10−6 and ∼0.9 × 10−4 M⊙ yr−1 . This is discussed in the context of the observed outflow rates. Conclusions. The analysis of the MIRI MRS observations for this young high-mass star-forming region reveals connected outflow and accretion signatures, as well as the enormous potential of JWST to boost our understanding of the physical and chemical processes at play during star formation.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: stars; formation; ISM; clouds; individual objects; IRAS23385+6053; jets; massive;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
    Item ID: 18589
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Patrick Kavanagh
    Date Deposited: 28 May 2024 13:23
    Journal or Publication Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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