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    AdS/QHE: towards a holographic description of quantum Hall experiments

    Bayntun, Allan and Burgess, C. P. and Dolan, Brian P. and Lee, Sung-Sik (2011) AdS/QHE: towards a holographic description of quantum Hall experiments. New Journal of Physics (NJP), 13 (035012). pp. 1-48. ISSN 1367-2630

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    Transitions among quantum Hall plateaux share a suite of remarkable experimental features, such as semicircle laws and duality relations, whose accuracy and robustness are difficult to explain directly in terms of the detailed dynamics of the microscopic electrons. They would naturally follow if the low-energy transport properties were governed by an emergent discrete duality group relating the different plateaux, but no explicit examples of interacting systems having such a group are known. Recent progress using the AdS/CFT correspondence has identified examples with similar duality groups, but without the dc ohmic conductivity characteristic of quantum Hall experiments. We use this to propose a simple holographic model for low-energy quantum Hall systems, with a nonzero dc conductivity that automatically exhibits all of the observed consequences of duality, including the existence of the plateaux and the semicircle transitions between them. The model can be regarded as a strongly coupled analogue of the old ‘composite boson’ picture of quantum Hall systems. Non-universal features of the model can be used to test whether it describes actual materials, and we comment on some of these in our proposed model. In particular, the model indicates the value 2/5 for low-temperature scaling exponents for transitions among quantum Hall plateaux, in agreement with the measured value 0.42±0.01.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: AdS/QHE; holographic description; quantum Hall;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Mathematical Physics
    Item ID: 2609
    Depositing User: Dr. Brian Dolan
    Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2011 15:29
    Journal or Publication Title: New Journal of Physics (NJP)
    Publisher: Institute of Physics (IoP) and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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