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    The Impact of Acceptance-Based Versus Avoidance-Based Protocols on Discomfort

    Luciano, Carmen and Molina, Francisco and Gutiérrez-Martínez, Olga and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Valdivia-Salas, Sonsoles and Cabello, Francisco and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Rodríguez-Valverde, Miguel and Wilson, Kelly G. (2010) The Impact of Acceptance-Based Versus Avoidance-Based Protocols on Discomfort. Behavior Modification, 34 (2). pp. 94-119. ISSN 0145-4455

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    This study aimed to isolate the conditions under which aversive stimulation is experienced as more or less discomforting/unpleasant. Discomfort was induced by playing loud noises through headphones while participants performed computer tasks. We employed 4 main conditions. Condition 1: the acceptance-based protocol (ACT), intended to integrate discom- fort in a valued direction, was implemented before the Inclusion Task (task performance could continue despite the presence of the noise). Subse- quently, the experiential avoidance-based protocol (EA), intended to pro- mote a relation of opposition between discomfort and valued actions, was implemented before the Opposition Task (task performance was suspended until the participants eliminated the sounds). Condition 2: this order was reversed. Conditions 3 and 4: the tasks were presented without any proto- col. The ACT protocol produced the lowest level of discomfort, particularly when it was implemented before participants had experimental experience in trying to control discomfort. Two postcontrol conditions confirmed this result. Implications for prevention and treatment of psychological suffering are discussed.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: acceptance; values; avoidance; discomfort; prevention;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 4980
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Yvonne Barnes-Holmes
    Date Deposited: 22 May 2014 10:57
    Journal or Publication Title: Behavior Modification
    Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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