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    The international surface temperature initiative global land surface databank: monthly temperature data release description and methods

    Rennie, J.J. and Lawrimore, Jay and Gleason, B.E. and Thorne, Peter and Morice, C.P. and Menne, M.J. and Williams Jr., C.N. and Gambi de Almeida, W. and Christy, J.R. and Flannery, M. and Ishihara, M. and Kamiguchi, K. and Klein-Tank, A.M.G. and Mhanda, A. and Lister, D.H. and Razuvaev, V. and Renom, M. and Rusticucc, M. and Tandy, J. and Worley, S.J. and Venema, V.K.C. and Angel, W. and Brunet, M. and Dattore, B. and Diamond, H. and Lazzara, M.A. and Le Blancq, F. and Luterbacher, J. and Mächel, H. and Revadekar, J. and Vose, R.S. and Yin, X. (2014) The international surface temperature initiative global land surface databank: monthly temperature data release description and methods. Geoscience Data Journal, 1 (2). pp. 75-102. ISSN 2049-6060

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    Described herein is the first version release of monthly temperature holdings of a new Global Land Surface Meteorological Databank. Organized under the auspices of the International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI), an international group of scientists have spent three years collating and merging data from numerous sources to create a merged holding. This release in its recommended form consists of over 30 000 individual station records, some of which extend over the past 300 years. This article describes the sources, the chosen merge methodology, and the resulting databank characteristics. Several variants of the databank have also been released that reflect the structural uncertainty in merging datasets. Variants differ in, for example, the order in which sources are considered and the degree of congruence required in station geolocation for consideration as a merged or unique record. Also described is a version control protocol that will be applied in the event of updates. Future updates are envisaged with the addition of new data sources, and with changes in processing, where public feedback is always welcomed. Major updates, when necessary, will always be accompanied by a new journal paper. This databank release forms the foundation for the construction of new global land surface air temperature analyses by the global research community and their assessment by the ISTI's benchmarking and assessment working group.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: global climate;surface land temperature;statistical analysis;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 6476
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Peter Thorne
    Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 14:57
    Journal or Publication Title: Geoscience Data Journal
    Publisher: Wiley Open Access
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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