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    Serbian and Habsburg Military institutional legacies in Yugoslavia after 1918

    Newman, John Paul (2014) Serbian and Habsburg Military institutional legacies in Yugoslavia after 1918. First World War Studies, 5 (3). pp. 319-335. ISSN 1947-5020

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    A major problem of state and institution building in Yugoslavia after 1918 was that the end of the war was not a complete caesura between separate South Slav pasts and a unified ‘Yugoslav’ future: much historical and institutional baggage was carried over into the new state. This was obviously the case with the Yugoslav army, where creating a new institution entirely from scratch was impossible, given the immediate internal and external threats that faced the new state and given the prestige and the military efficacy of the Serbian army. The Yugoslav army was consciously modelled on the pre-war Serbian army, not only in terms of its institutional framework, but also in terms of its ethos and ideology. There was little space in this ideology for commemorating Austria–Hungary’s war, just as there was little space in the Czechoslovak, Polish or Romanian armies. It was difficult to fuse Austro-Hungarian and Serbian veterans into one army, and problems were especially acute in the officer corps. This article addresses some of the successes and failures encountered in the attempt to fuse disparate and often antithetical military institutional cultures in Yugoslavia in the decade after the end of the First World War.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Yugoslavia; Austria–Hungary; Serbia;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > History
    Item ID: 7632
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: John Paul Newman
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2016 13:20
    Journal or Publication Title: First World War Studies
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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