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    Characterisation of carbon paste electrodes for real-time amperometric monitoring of brain tissue oxygen.

    Bolger, Fiachra B. and McHugh, Stephen B. and Bennett, Rachel and Li, J. and Ishiwari, K. and Francois, Jennifer and Conway, Michael W. and Gilmour, Gary and Bannerman, David M. and Fillenz, Marianne and Tricklebank, Mark and Lowry, John P. (2011) Characterisation of carbon paste electrodes for real-time amperometric monitoring of brain tissue oxygen. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 195 (2). pp. 135-142. ISSN 0165-0270

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    Tissue O₂ can be monitored using a variety of electrochemical techniques and electrodes. In vitro and in vivo characterisation studies for O₂ reduction at carbon paste electrodes (CPEs) using constant potential amperometry (CPA) are presented. Cyclic voltammetry indicated that an applied potential of -650 mV is required for O₂ reduction at CPEs. High sensitivity (-1.49 ± 0.01 nA/μM), low detection limit (ca. 0.1 μM) and good linear response characteristics (R² > 0.99) were observed in calibration experiments performed at this potential. There was also no effect of pH, temperature, and ion changes, and no dependence upon flow/fluid convection (stirring). Several compounds (e.g. dopamine and its metabolites) present in brain extracellular fluid were tested at physiological concentrations and shown not to interfere with the CPA O₂ signal. In vivo experiments confirmed a sub-second response time observed in vitro and demonstrated long-term stability extending over twelve weeks, with minimal O₂ consumption (ca. 1 nmol/h). These results indicate that CPEs operating amperometrically at a constant potential of -650 mV (vs. SCE) can be used reliably to continuously monitor brain extracellular tissue O₂.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Carbon paste electrodes; Constant potential amperometry; Brain tissue oxygen; In vivo electrochemistry; Sensors;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 8023
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: John Lowry
    Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2017 17:02
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Enterprise Ireland (EI), Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), Eli Lilly and Co. Limited
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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