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    Evaluating Quantized Convolutional Neural Networks for Embedded Systems

    O'Keeffe, Simon and Villing, Rudi (2017) Evaluating Quantized Convolutional Neural Networks for Embedded Systems. In: Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference Proceedings 2017. Irish Pattern Recognition & Classification Society, pp. 261-264. ISBN 9780993420726

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    This paper presents a deep learning approach which evaluates accuracy and inference time speedups in deep convolutional neural networks under various network quantizations. Quantized networks can result in much faster inference time allowing them to be deployed in real time on an embedded system such as a robot. We evaluate networks with activations quantized to 1, 2, 4, and 8-bits and binary weights. We found that network quantization can yield a significant speedup for a small drop in classification accuracy. Specifically, modifying one of our networks to use an 8-bit quantized input layer and 2-bit activations in hidden layers, we calculate a theoretical 9.9x speedup in exchange for an F1 score decrease of just 3.4% relative to a full precision implementation. Higher speedups are obtainable by designing a network architecture containing a smaller proportion of the total multiplications within the input layer.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keywords: Convolutional Neural Networks; Deep Learning; Network Quantization;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Electronic Engineering
    Item ID: 9769
    Depositing User: Rudi Villing
    Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 15:27
    Publisher: Irish Pattern Recognition & Classification Society
    Refereed: Yes
      Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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