MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    Asymmetrical heat transfer through composites of water and aqueous solutions in the presence of the density maximum


    Cawley, Michael F. and Mooney, P.A. and O'Connor, P. (2008) Asymmetrical heat transfer through composites of water and aqueous solutions in the presence of the density maximum. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51 (1-2). pp. 224-236. ISSN 0017-9310

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (1MB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    A device is described through which heat flows at different rates depending on the orientation of the temperature gradient. The device consists of two cubic enclosures side by side, one of which is filled with pure water with a temperature of maximum density of 4 °C, and the other which contains a saline solution with a temperature of maximum density of 2 °C. A temperature gradient, which spans both of these temperatures of maximum density, is applied horizontally across the composite system, resulting in different rates of heat transfer through the device depending on the gradient direction. Experiments performed with a 12 × 6× 6 cm container yield heat transfer rates of 0.55 W and 0.19 W depending on the direction of the temperature gradient, resulting in a rectification factor of 65.4%. Asymmetrical heat transfer rates are also found in composite systems of water and solids when the temperature gradient spans the temperature of maximum density of the water. Results from computational fluid dynamics confirm the experimental results, and are used to investigate the influence of such parameters as temperature gradient and container aspect ratio on the rectification factor.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: P.A. Mooney gratefully acknowledges support from the Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology.
    Keywords: Water; Water solution; Density maximum; Thermal rectification; Heat diode; Heat rectifier; Asymmetrical heat transfer;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
    Item ID: 9943
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2007.04.008
    Depositing User: Dr. Michael Cawley
    Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2018 13:40
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Irish Research Council for Science Engineering and Technology (IRCSET)
    URI:

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year