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    Mass spectrometric identification of dystrophin, the protein product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene, in distinct muscle surface membranes


    Murphy, Sandra and Ohlendieck, Kay (2017) Mass spectrometric identification of dystrophin, the protein product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene, in distinct muscle surface membranes. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 40 (4). pp. 1078-1088. ISSN 1107-3756

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    Abstract

    Supramolecular membrane complexes of low abundance are difficult to study by routine bioanalytical techniques. The plasmalemmal complex consisting of sarcoglycans, dystroglycans, dystrobrevins and syntrophins, which is closely associated with the membrane cytoskeletal protein dystrophin, represents such a high‑molecular‑mass protein assembly in skeletal muscles. The almost complete loss of the dystrophin isoform Dp427‑M and concomitant reduction in the dystrophin‑associated glycoprotein complex is the underlying cause of the highly progressive neuromuscular disorder named Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This gives the detailed characterization of the dystrophin complex considerable pathophysiological importance. In order to carry out a comprehensive mass spectrometric identification of the dystrophin‑glycoprotein complex, in this study, we used extensive subcellular fractionation and enrichment procedures prior to subproteomic analysis. Mass spectrometry identified high levels of full‑length dystrophin isoform Dp427‑M, α/β‑dystroglycans, α/β/γ/δ‑sarcoglycans, α1/β1/β2‑syntrophins and α/β‑dystrobrevins in highly purified sarcolemma vesicles. By contrast, lower levels were detected in transverse tubules and no components of the dystrophin complex were identified in triads. For comparative purposes, the presence of organellar marker proteins was studied in crude surface membrane preparations vs. enriched fractions from the sarcolemma, transverse tubules and triad junctions using gradient gel electrophoresis and on‑membrane digestion. This involved the subproteomic assessment of various ion‑regulatory proteins and excitation‑contraction coupling components. The comparative profiling of skeletal muscle fractions established a relatively restricted subcellular localization of the dystrophin‑glycoprotein complex in the muscle fibre periphery by proteomic means and clearly demonstrated the absence of dystrophin from triad junctions by sensitive mass spectrometric analysis.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: dystrobrevin; dystroglycan; dystrophin; dystrophinopathy; proteomics; sarcoglycan; sarcolemma; syntrophin; transverse tubules; triads;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 11742
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3082
    Depositing User: Prof. Kay Ohlendieck
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 14:47
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
    Publisher: Spandidos Publications
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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