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    Incorporating Ocean Wave Spectrum Information in Short-Term Free-Surface Elevation Forecasting

    Mérigaud, Alexis and Ringwood, John (2019) Incorporating Ocean Wave Spectrum Information in Short-Term Free-Surface Elevation Forecasting. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 44 (2). pp. 401-414. ISSN 0364-9059

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    Real-time prediction of free-surface elevation or wave excitation force is necessary for a variety of applications, including noncausal optimal control of wave energy converters and detection of quiescent periods for offshore operations. Prediction methods can use past measurements at the point of interest, treating the wave elevation as a time series (looking backward). Alternatively, wave elevation values can be recorded at a set of locations about the point of interest and propagated in time and space through physical or statistical models (looking forward). In this paper, assuming Gaussian waves, a unified framework is proposed, which treats any combination of wave elevation values at various points in time and space as a Gaussian vector and covers both “backward” and “forward” approaches. It is shown that, using any given combination of measurement points in time and space, the optimal predictor, in a least mean square sense, is linear for any time horizon and can be directly derived from the wave spectrum, provided that the latter is known. The associated error can be readily calculated, thus providing, based on the wave spectrum, an upper bound on the predictability of the wave elevation process. In addition, the applicability of the spectrum-based predictor to real-time wave elevation forecasting is discussed.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the postprint version of the published article, which is available at Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination.
    Keywords: Deterministic sea wave prediction; Gaussian process; linear waves; real-time wave prediction; wave spectrum;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Electronic Engineering
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Centre for Ocean Energy Research
    Item ID: 12440
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Professor John Ringwood
    Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2020 15:30
    Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
    Publisher: IEEE
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), Marine Renewable Ireland Centre
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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