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    A simple and efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression system to dissect molecular processes in Brassica rapa and Brassica napus

    Mooney, Brian and Graciet, Emmanuelle (2020) A simple and efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression system to dissect molecular processes in Brassica rapa and Brassica napus. Plant Direct. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2475-4455

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    The family Brassicaceae is a source of important crop species, including Brassica napus (oilseed rape), Brassica oleracea, and B. rapa, that is used globally for oil production or as a food source (e.g., pak choi or turnip). However, despite advances in recent years, including genome sequencing, a lack of established tools tailored to the study of Brassica crop species has impeded efforts to understand their molecular processes in greater detail. Here, we describe the use of a simple Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression system adapted to B. rapa and B. napus that could facilitate study of molecular and biochemical events in these species. We also demonstrate the use of this method to characterize the N-degron pathway of protein degradation in B. rapa. The N-degron pathway is a subset of the ubiquitin-proteasome system and represents a mechanism through which proteins may be targeted for degradation based on the identity of their N-terminal amino acid residue. Interestingly, N-degron-mediated processes in plants have been implicated in the regulation of traits with potential agronomic importance, including the responses to pathogens and to abiotic stresses such as flooding tolerance. The stability of transiently expressed N-degron reporter proteins in B. rapa indicates that its N-degron pathway is highly conserved with that of Arabidopsis thaliana. These findings highlight the utility of Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression in B. rapa and B. napus and establish a framework to investigate the N-degron pathway and its roles in regulating agronomical traits in these species. Significance statement: We describe an Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression system applicable to Brassica crops and demonstrate its utility by identifying the destabilizing residues of the N-degron pathway in B. rapa. As the N-degron pathway functions as an integrator of environmental signals, this study could facilitate efforts to improve the robustness of Brassica crops.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: agroinfiltration; Brassica napus; Brassica rapa; N-degron pathway; transient expression;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 14914
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Emmanuelle Graciet
    Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2021 14:20
    Journal or Publication Title: Plant Direct
    Publisher: Wiley Open Access
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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