MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    Utilization of galleria mellonella larvae to characterize the development of staphylococcus aureus infection

    Sheehan, Gerard and Dixon, Amy and Kavanagh, Kevin (2019) Utilization of galleria mellonella larvae to characterize the development of staphylococcus aureus infection. Microbiology, 165. pp. 863-875. ISSN 1465-2080

    Download (2MB) | Preview

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Staphylococcus aureus is a human opportunistic pathogen that causes a wide range of superficial and systemic infections in susceptible patients. Here we describe how an inoculum of S. aureus activates the cellular and humoral response of Galleria mellonella larvae while growing and disseminating throughout the host, forming nodules and ultimately killing the host. An inoculum of S. aureus (2×106 larva− 1 ) decreased larval viability at 24 (80±5.77%), 48 (55.93±5.55%) and 72 h (10.23±2.97%) and was accompanied by significant proliferation and dissemination of S. aureus between 6 and 48h and the formation of nodules in the host. The hemocyte (immune cell) densities increased between 4 and 24h and hemocytes isolated from larvae after 24h exposure to heat-killed S. aureus (2×106 larva− 1 ) showed altered killing kinetics as compared to those from control larvae. Alterations in the humoral immune response of larvae 6 and 24h post-infection were also determined by quantitative shotgun proteomics. The proteome of 6h-infected larvae was enriched for antimicrobial proteins, proteins of the prophenoloxidase cascade and a range of peptidoglycan recognition proteins. By 24h there was a significant increase in the abundance of a range of antimicrobial peptides with anti-staphylococcal activity and proteins associated with nodule formation. The results presented here indicate how S. aureus interacts with the larval immune response, induces the expression of a variety of immune-related peptides and also forms nodules which are a hallmark of soft tissue infections during human infection.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Utilization; Galleria mellonella larvae; characterize; development; Staphylococcus aureus; infection;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 14989
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Kevin Kavanagh
    Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2021 14:28
    Journal or Publication Title: Microbiology
    Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads