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    Review: Identification and Management of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders as a Transdiagnostic Feature in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry


    Arns, Martijn and Kooij, J.J. Sandra and Coogan, Andrew (2021) Review: Identification and Management of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders as a Transdiagnostic Feature in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 60 (9). pp. 1085-1095. ISSN 0890-8567

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    Abstract

    Objective: Sleep disturbances are highly frequent features in a range of child and adolescent psychiatric conditions. However, it is commonly not clear if such sleep problems represent symptomatic features of, comorbidities of, or risk factors for these conditions. It is believed that underlying dysfunction in the daily biological (circadian) clock may play important roles in the etiology of many sleep disorders, and circadian rhythm changes are reported in a number of neuropsychiatric conditions. The aim of this review was to explore the key identifying features of circadian rhythm disorders (CRDs) in child and adolescent psychiatry and address how such disorders may be managed in the clinic. Method: A narrative review was conducted of the extant literature of CRDs in children and adolescents with psychiatric conditions. Results: Key biological and social factors that contribute to CRDs in children and adolescents, and the cognitive and neurobehavioral consequences resulting from insufficient sleep were outlined. The roles of melatonin and other chronotherapeutic and behavioral interventions for the management of CRDs were also outlined. Further, the importance of careful investigation of circadian rhythm abnormalities in shaping the most effective treatment plan according to chronobiological principles was highlighted. Conclusion: CRDs are common in children and adolescents with psychiatric conditions and arise out of complex interactions between biological and social factors. Careful clinical attention to and management of CRDs in child and adolescent psychiatry have the potential for significant benefit not only in the domain of sleep but also in a range of cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ©2021 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.12.035
    Keywords: ADHD; circadian; light; melatonin; sleep;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 15052
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.12.035
    Depositing User: Dr. Andrew Coogan
    Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2021 16:33
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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