MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Hyland, Philip and Shevlin, Mark and McBride, Orla and Murphy, Jamie and Karatzias, Thanos and Bentall, Richard and Martinez, Anton P. and Vallières, Frédérique (2020) Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 142 (3). pp. 249-256. ISSN 1600-0447

    Download (288kB) | Preview

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Background:The COVID-19 pandemic in Ireland resulted in anationwide quarantine on March 27, 2020. This study represents thefirst assessment of rates of anxiety and depression in the generalpopulation of Ireland during the pandemic.Aims:Our first aim was to estimate the probable prevalence rates ofgeneralized anxiety disorder (GAD) and depression and to identifysociodemographic risk factors associated with screening positive forGAD or depression. Our second aim was to determine if COVID-19related anxiety was highest amongst those in society at greatest risk ofmorality from COVID-19.Method:Self-report data were collected from a nationallyrepresentative Irish sample (N=1041) online between March 31 andApril 5; the first week of the nationwide quarantine measures.Recognized cut-off scores on the GAD-7 and PHQ-9 were used toestimate rates of GAD and depression. Correlates of screening positivefor GAD or depression were assessed using logistic regression analysis.Results:GAD (20.0%), depression (22.8%) and GAD or depression(27.7%) was common. Screening positive for GAD or depression wasassociated with younger age, female sex, loss of income due to COVID-19, COVID-19 infection and higher perceived risk of COVID-19infection. Citizens aged 65 and older had significantly higher levels ofCOVID-19 related anxiety than adults aged 18–34.Conclusions:Initial results from this multi-wave study monitoringchanges in population anxiety and depression throughout the pandemicindicate that GAD and depression were common experiences in thepopulation during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the preprint version of the published article and is available from PsyArXiv preprints at DOI: 10.31234/ . The published article is available at Hyland, P, Shevlin, M, McBride, O, Murphy, J, Karatzias, T, Bentall, RP, Martinez, A, Vallières, F. Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, v.142 n.3, 249-256
    Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus; anxiety; depression; mental health; Ireland;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 15133
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2021 15:48
    Journal or Publication Title: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: No
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads