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    Task and user effects on reading patterns in information search

    Cole, Michael J and Gwizdka, Jacek and Liu, Chang and Bierig, Ralf and Belkin, Nicholas J and Zhang, Xiangmin (2011) Task and user effects on reading patterns in information search. Interacting with Computers, 23. pp. 346-362. ISSN 0953-5438

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    We report on an investigation into people’s behaviors on information search tasks, specifically the relation between eye movement patterns and task characteristics. We conducted two independent user studies (n = 32 and n = 40), one with journalism tasks and the other with genomics tasks. The tasks were constructed to represent information needs of these two different users groups and to vary in several dimensions according to a task classification scheme. For each participant we classified eye gaze data to construct models of their reading patterns. The reading models were analyzed with respect to the effect of task types and Web page types on reading eye movement patterns. We report on relationships between tasks and individual reading behaviors at the task and page level. Specifically we show that transitions between scanning and reading behavior in eye movement patterns and the amount of text processed may be an implicit indicator of the current task type facets. This may be useful in building user and task models that can be useful in personalization of information systems and so address design demands driven by increasingly complex user actions with information systems. One of the contributions of this research is a new methodology to model information search behavior and investigate information acquisition and cognitive processing in interactive information tasks

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Cognitive task; Interactive information retrieval; Information search; User models; Eye movements; Reading models;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Computer Science
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 15203
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Ralf Bierig
    Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2022 13:01
    Journal or Publication Title: Interacting with Computers
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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