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    CRC Codes as Error Correction Codes

    An, Wei and Medard, Muriel and Duffy, Ken R. (2021) CRC Codes as Error Correction Codes. In: IEEE International Conference on Communications : [proceedings] (ICC 2021), Montreal, QC, Canada.

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    CRC codes have long since been adopted in a vast range of applications. The established notion that they are suitable primarily for error detection can be set aside through use of the recently proposed Guessing Random Additive Noise Decoding (GRAND). Hard-detection (GRAND-SOS) and soft- detection (ORBGRAND) variants can decode any short, high-rate block code, making them suitable for error correction of CRC- coded data. When decoded with GRAND, short CRC codes have error correction capability that is at least as good as popular codes such as BCH codes, but with no restriction on either code length or rate. The state-of-the-art CA-Polar codes are concatenated CRC and Polar codes. For error correction, we find that the CRC is a better short code than either Polar or CA-Polar codes. Moreover, the standard CA-SCL decoder only uses the CRC for error detection and therefore suffers severe performance degradation in short, high rate settings when compared with the performance GRAND provides, which uses all of the CA-Polar bits for error correction. Using GRAND, existing systems can be upgraded from error detection to low-latency error correction without re-engineering the encoder, and additional applications of CRCs can be found in IoT, Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC), and beyond. The universality of GRAND, its ready parallelized implementation in hardware, and the good performance of CRC as codes make their combination a viable solution for low-latency applications.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Keywords: CRC; Polar; Error Correction; GRAND; URLLC;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 15236
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr Ken Duffy
    Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2022 12:39
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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